William Gregg

b. circa 1780, d. 14 November 1863
     William Gregg was born circa 1780 at Donegal, Ireland.
William Gregg married Elinor Nesbitt circa 1800 at Ireland.
William Gregg was a farmer.
William Gregg was buried on 14 November 1863 at Hillside Cemetery, Damascus, Wayne, Pennsylvania, United States.
William Gregg died on 14 November 1863 at Damascus, Wayne, Pennsylvania, United States.

Family

Elinor Nesbitt b. c 1778, d. 3 Jul 1860
Marriage*
William Gregg married Elinor Nesbitt circa 1800 at Ireland
Children

William Gregg

b. 29 December 1842
FatherJohn Gregg b. c 1815, d. 22 May 1870
MotherSarah McClintock b. c 1817, d. 22 Jul 1852
     William Gregg was born on 29 December 1842 at York, Western Australia, Australia. He was the son of John Gregg and Sarah McClintock.

William Gregg

b. 1818, d. 5 February 1879
FatherWilliam Gregg b. c 1780, d. 14 Nov 1863
MotherElinor Nesbitt b. c 1778, d. 3 Jul 1860
     William Gregg was born in 1818 at Ireland. He was the son of William Gregg and Elinor Nesbitt.
William Gregg died on 5 February 1879 at Damascus, Pennsylvania, United States.
William Gregg was buried after 5 February 1879 at Hillside Cemetery, Damascus, Pennsylvania, United States.

William J Gregg

b. circa 1854, d. 1921
FatherRobert Gregg b. 10 Jul 1825, d. 20 May 1897
MotherCatherine Hutchinson b. 22 Jun 1824, d. 3 Mar 1903
     William J Gregg was born circa 1854 at Pennsylvania, United States. He was the son of Robert Gregg and Catherine Hutchinson.
William J Gregg married Rebecca Smith in 1878 at United States.
William J Gregg died in 1921 at Damascus, Pennsylvania, United States.

Family

Rebecca Smith b. c 1855, d. 1929
Marriage*
William J Gregg married Rebecca Smith in 1878 at United States
Children

Ada Mary Griffiths

b. 1867
FatherWilliam Griffiths b. 12 Apr 1836, d. 7 Sep 1918
MotherMargaret Day b. 8 Jul 1836, d. 17 Dec 1915
     Ada Mary Griffiths was born in 1867 at Eastbourne, Sussex, England. She was the daughter of William Griffiths and Margaret Day.
Ada Mary Griffiths married George Alfred Hill, son of Daniel Reuben Hill and Mary Jane Roser, in 1890 at Brighton, Sussex, England, Jul-Sep Brighton RD Vol 2b Page 382.
In 1899 Ada's younger sister Margaret Edith Griffiths marries her husband George's younger brother, Thomas Henry Hill.
On 31 March 1901 Ada Mary Griffiths and George Alfred Hill lived at 16 Dean St, Brighton, Sussex, England.
In the 1911 census George and Ada stated that they had only had the one child.1
On 2 April 1911 Ada Mary Griffiths and George Alfred Hill lived at 16 Dean Street, Brighton, Sussex, England.1
Ada Mary Griffiths witnessed the death of Margaret Day on 17 December 1915 at 26 Port Hall Place, Preston, Brighton, Sussex, England; She died of senile decay and acute bronchitis.2
On 17 December 1915 Ada Mary Griffiths and George Alfred Hill lived at 16 Dean St, Brighton, Sussex, England.

Family

George Alfred Hill b. 1867, d. 1953
Marriage*
Ada Mary Griffiths married George Alfred Hill, son of Daniel Reuben Hill and Mary Jane Roser, in 1890 at Brighton, Sussex, England, Jul-Sep Brighton RD Vol 2b Page 382. 
Child

Citations

  1. [S73] 1911 Census for England "RG14PN5145 RG78PN227 RD79 SD2 ED25 SN105."
  2. [S62] Death certificate of Margaret Griffiths, died 17 Dec 1915, registered 17 Dec 1915 in the Registration District of Steyning, Sussex, England (GRO Index Ref: Vol 2b Page 352) "age 79 years."

Albert Edward Griffiths

b. 21 July 1902, d. 1982
     Albert Edward Griffiths was born on 21 July 1902 at Brighton, Sussex, England; DOB from GRO Deaths Index.1
Albert Edward Griffiths married Victoria Margaret Menzies, daughter of John Menzies and Alice Barber, in 1926 at Steyning, Sussex, England.2
Albert Edward Griffiths witnessed the will of Charles Barber dated 27 September 1978 at Hove, Sussex, England.3
On 1 June 1980 Albert Edward Griffiths and Victoria Margaret Menzies lived at 23 Highcroft Villas, Brighton, Sussex, England.4
Albert Edward Griffiths died in 1982 at Brighton, Sussex, England.5

Family

Victoria Margaret Menzies b. 5 Mar 1904, d. Apr 2003
Marriage*
Albert Edward Griffiths married Victoria Margaret Menzies, daughter of John Menzies and Alice Barber, in 1926 at Steyning, Sussex, England.2 

Citations

  1. [S142] General Register Office: Indexes to Births, Sep 1837-2006, "Jul-Sep 1902, Brighton, Vol 2b Page 216."
  2. [S143] General Register Office: Indexes to Marriages, Sep 1837 - 2006, "Apr-Jun 1926, Steyning, Vol 2b Page 653."
  3. [S272] Copy of Letter from Victoria and Albert Griffiths, to Rita and Fred Barber, dated 1 June 1980 (GG Barber Private Archives, Perth, W. Australia) "Copy of Will attached to this letter."
  4. [S272] Copy of Letter from Victoria and Albert Griffiths, to Rita and Fred Barber, dated 1 June 1980 (GG Barber Private Archives, Perth, W. Australia).
  5. [S141] General Register Office: Indexes to Deaths, Sep 1837 - 2006, "Jul-Sep 1982, Brighton, Vol 18 Page 0031."

Annie Margaret Griffiths

b. 26 June 1891, d. 9 August 1967
FatherCharles Richard Griffiths b. 13 Jun 1869, d. 3 Jun 1938
MotherAnn Elizabeth Godden b. 3 Jun 1865, d. 26 Jan 1932
Annie Griffiths with children Ivy and Fred c1918
     Annie Margaret Griffiths was born on 26 June 1891 at Brighton, Sussex, England.1,2 She was the daughter of Charles Richard Griffiths and Ann Elizabeth Godden.
On 31 March 1901 Annie Margaret Griffiths lived at 1 Exeter St, Preston Park, Brighton, Sussex, England, with her parents and family.3
Annie Margaret Griffiths was a general servant domestic in 1911.4
In 1911 Annie Margaret Griffiths lived at 21 Exeter St, Brighton, Sussex, England, with her parents and family.4
Annie Margaret Griffiths married Frederick George Daw, son of Alfred Daw and Caroline Ruth Waller, on 20 December 1913 at St Luke's Church, Brighton, Sussex, England.5
On 20 September 1915 Annie Margaret Griffiths and Frederick George Daw lived at 21 Exeter St, Brighton, Sussex, England.
Fred enlisted in the Army on 20 Sep 1915. His rank was Sapper, and his service number was 4143. He was in the 1/3rd Home Counties Reserve Field Co. Royal Engineers on enlistment and later the 499th Home Counties Reserve Field Co. R.E., and then the 592 (Forth) Fortress Coy (his regimental number was 536134). He passed a proficiency test as an electrician at Gosport in 1918 and appears to have served in an engineering capacity during the war, and did not serve overseas.6

On 19 Mar 1919 Frederick Daw was demobilised from the army and transferred to the Army Reserve. His residence was still 21 Exeter St at that time, which is the address of Annie's parents, suggesting that she lived with them while Fred served during the war.
After the war Frederick George Daw was a cooper at a brewery in Portslade, and they appear to have moved there to live.
On 29 September 1939 Annie Margaret Griffiths and Frederick George Daw lived at 13 Drove Road, Portslade by Sea, Sussex, England.2
Annie and Fred's son, Frederick Charles DAW, was probably named after his uncle Frederick Charles Griffiths who was killed in WWI in 1917. It is ironic that he was also killed in war, in the Middle East in 1941. He was a Private in the 1st Bn Royal Sussex Regiment (no 873234) and at the time of his death was recorded as age 24 years, son of Frederick George and Annie Margaret Daw, of Upper Portslade, Sussex.
In 1941 Annie Margaret Griffiths and Frederick George Daw lived at Upper Portslade, Sussex, England.
Annie Margaret Griffiths died on 9 August 1967 at Bevendean Hospital, Brighton, Sussex, England, at age 76. She died of lymphosarcoma.7

Family

Frederick George Daw b. 8 Dec 1888, d. 1967
Marriage*
Annie Margaret Griffiths married Frederick George Daw, son of Alfred Daw and Caroline Ruth Waller, on 20 December 1913 at St Luke's Church, Brighton, Sussex, England.5 
Children

Citations

  1. [S142] General Register Office: Indexes to Births, Sep 1837-2006, "Jul-Sep 1891, Steyning, Vol 2b Page 282."
  2. [S556] 1939 Register (29 Sep 1939) for England.
  3. [S72] 1901 Census for England "RG13 piece 940 folio 27 page 8."
  4. [S73] 1911 Census for England "RG14PN5155 RG78PN228 RD80 SD1 ED3 SN87."
  5. [S143] General Register Office: Indexes to Marriages, Sep 1837 - 2006, "Oct-Dec 1913, Steyning, Vol 2b Page 625."
  6. [S244] Website "Ancestry" (http://www.ancestry.co.uk/) "Ancestry.com. British Army WWI Service Records, 1914-1920 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2008.
    Original data: The National Archives of the UK (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO).
    War Office: Soldiers’ Documents, First World War ‘Burnt Documents’ (Microfilm Copies); (The National Archives Microfilm Publication WO363); Records created or inherited by the War Office, Armed Forces, Judge Advocate General, and related bodies; The National Archives of the UK (TNA), Kew, Surrey, England."
  7. [S372] Death certificate of Annie Margaret Daw, died 9 Aug 1967, registered 9 Aug 1967 in the Registration District of Brighton, Sussex, England (GRO Index Ref: Vol 5h page 64).

Charles Richard Griffiths

b. 13 June 1869, d. 3 June 1938
FatherWilliam Griffiths b. 12 Apr 1836, d. 7 Sep 1918
MotherMargaret Day b. 8 Jul 1836, d. 17 Dec 1915
Charles Richard Griffiths c1917
     Charles Richard Griffiths was born on 13 June 1869 at Holywell, Eastbourne, Sussex, England.1 He was the son of William Griffiths and Margaret Day.
On 2 April 1871 Charles Richard Griffiths lived at 6 Artillery Cottages, Cannon Street, Brighton, Sussex, England, with his parents and family.2
Charles' father, William Griffiths, was born in Chipping Ongar in Essex and had an interesting life as a sailor which resulted in him moving to Eastbourne in Sussex. The 1861 census records William, age 25 years, as a Leading Seaman in the Royal Navy. On the night of the census he was on board Her Majesty’s Ship “Firebrand”, a paddle frigate commissioned in 1842 (and the first steam ship commissioned in the Royal Navy). The vessel was located at Carthagina near Granada, South America.
Eight years later in 1869, the year that Charles was born, William was a seaman, R.N. Coastguard (Eastbourne). The appearance of William and wife Margaret in Sussex would have come about because of the policy of manning coastguard stations with men from outside the local area. The purpose of this was to prevent collusion between the coastguard seamen and local smugglers. Their moves can be traced by the birth places of their children: Emily in 1864 in Portsmouth, Hampshire, and then William in 1865 in Eastbourne in Sussex (and same for subsequent children). In 1871 William and his family are living in Brighton and he is still in the coast guard service. By 1891 he is a naval pensioner (and a clerk to a fish salesman). They lived in close walking distance to son Charles when he married and had a family.
On 3 April 1881 Charles Richard Griffiths lived at 27 Cannon Street, Brighton, Sussex, England, with his parents and family.3
In January 1888, at the age of 18 years, Charles was appointed to the British Postal Service as a postman in Brighton. This was to be his career for the next 44 years.
Charles Richard Griffiths married Ann Elizabeth Godden, daughter of William Godden and Ann Elizabeth Humphries, on 28 August 1890 at The Parish Church, Brighton, Sussex, England.4
Charles Richard Griffiths was a parcels postman on 5 April 1891.5
On 5 April 1891 Charles Richard Griffiths and Ann Elizabeth Godden lived at 51 Stanley Rd, Preston, Brighton, Sussex, England.5
This family photograph would have been taken c1900.
Charles Richard Griffiths was an indoor postman on 31 March 1901.
On 31 March 1901 Charles Richard Griffiths and Ann Elizabeth Godden lived at 1 Exeter St, Brighton, Sussex, England.6
It is interesting that Charles thought it important to state his position as an "indoor" postman and information from his daughter May (Victoria) is illuminating. During WW1, May applied to join the post office as they were short of postmen. She had to do an entrance test and because she got one question wrong she only got a position as an "outdoor" postman - that is, delivering mail "outdoors" as opposed to sorting the mail "indoors".
Charles Richard Griffiths was an indoor postman on 2 April 1911.
On 2 April 1911 Charles Richard Griffiths and Ann Elizabeth Godden lived at 21 Exeter St, Brighton, Sussex, England.7
The 1911 census states that Charles and Annie had four children with one having died.
On 20 December 1913 Charles and Annie's daughter, Annie Margaret Griffiths married Fred Daw at St Luke's Church in Brighton..
Their son Fred enlisted in the Royal Sussex Regiment in 1915 and a postcard survives which he wrote from the Inkerman Barracks in Woking on 12 July 1915. He commenced active service in France from 4th October that year. Tragically for the family, Fred died of wounds in France on 12 April 1917. This photo of Charles and Annie with daughter Victoria May was probably taken not long after, and probably close to Victoria May's wedding on 9 October 1918. Both Annie and May are wearing Royal Sussex Regiment brooches.
Charles Richard Griffiths witnessed the marriage of Leslie Robert William Barber and Victoria May Griffiths on 9 October 1918 at Register Office, Brighton, Sussex, England.8
On 9 Oct 1913 Charles and Annie's daughter, Victoria May Griffiths married Leslie Robert William Barber at the Register Office in Brighton.8
Daughter Victoria May reported that although their father had brothers and sisters living close by they did not often come to visit as her father had a drinking problem. On one occasion, before there were buses and cars, the fire brigade had to bring him home from the pub on a stretcher. Her mother had a sister Emma who likewise did not come often. This sad situation obviously had an impact on the children Annie Margaret and Victoria May and the consequence was that there was no close family for either of them, and apparently they did not have a close relationship with each other after they married either (Annie Margaret's husband, who was a cooper at the brewery in Portslade, was said to have been a not very humorous man). The loss of Fred, killed in action in 1917 - a tragedy for all of them all - must have contributed to Charles' poor temperament and possible depression. On the other hand, he held a responsible job with the Post Office for 44 years for which he was awarded the Imperial Service Medal, so one needs to be careful in making judgements.
In a letter dated 15 August 1976, Victoria states that her father was at the Ship Street Post Office in Brighton for 43 years and that he was head parcel sorter. His brother is reported to have been the postmaster at Hove and another brother, Fred, worked on the night trains from London as a parcel sorter.
Charles Richard Griffiths retired in 1929. An inscription on a clock belonging to his daughter Victoria May Barber (now with Anthony Ronald Barber) reads: "Presented to Mr. C.R.Griffiths By the controlling officers and indoor staff of the Brighton Post Office as a token of appreciation at the conclusion of 44 years service in the parcels office 1885 to 1929."
On 20 Aug 1929 Charles was awarded the Imperial Service Medal on retirement (published in the London Gazette, 23 August 1929.)9
Charles’ wife Annie died on 26 Jan 1932 at their home at 21 Exeter St, Brighton. She died of acute bronchitis.10
Charles Richard Griffiths witnessed the death of Ann Elizabeth Godden on 26 January 1932 at 21 Exeter St, Brighton, Sussex, England; She died of acute bronchitis.10
Charles Richard Griffiths died on 3 June 1938 at Brighton Municipal Hospital, Brighton, Sussex, England, at age 68. He died of carcinoma of the right lung (lung cancer.)11
Charles Richard Griffiths was buried on 8 June 1938 at Grave XC 909, Brighton Cemetery, Brighton, Sussex, England, with his wife Annie.

Family

Ann Elizabeth Godden b. 3 Jun 1865, d. 26 Jan 1932
Marriage*
Charles Richard Griffiths married Ann Elizabeth Godden, daughter of William Godden and Ann Elizabeth Humphries, on 28 August 1890 at The Parish Church, Brighton, Sussex, England.4 
Children

Citations

  1. [S206] Birth certificate of Charles Richard Griffiths, born 13 Jun 1869, registered 15 Jul 1869 in the Registration District of Eastbourne, Sussex, England (GRO Index Ref: Vol 2b Page 56).
  2. [S69] 1871 Census for England, "RG10 piece 1086 folio 75 page 45."
  3. [S70] 1881 Census for England, "RG11 piece 1092 folio 64 page 24."
  4. [S57] Marriage certificate of Charles Richard Griffiths and Annie Elizabeth Godden, married 28 Aug 1890 in the Registration District of Brighton, Sussex, England (GRO Index Ref: Vol 2b Page 408).
  5. [S71] 1891 Census for England "RG12 piece 821 folio 103 page 5."
  6. [S72] 1901 Census for England "RG13 piece 940 folio 27 page 8."
  7. [S73] 1911 Census for England "RG14PN5155 RG78PN228 RD80 SD1 ED3 SN87."
  8. [S56] Marriage certificate of Leslie Robert William Barber and Victoria May Griffiths, married 9 Oct 1918 in the Registration District of Brighton, Sussex, England (GRO Index Ref: Vol 2b Page 654).
  9. [S258] Webpage The London Gazette (http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/) "Gazette Issue 33528 published on the 23 August 1929. Page 29 of 88."
  10. [S39] Death certificate of Annie Elizabeth Griffiths, died 26 Jan 1932, registered 28 Jan 1932 in the Registration District of Brighton, Sussex, England (GRO Index Ref: unknown gro index ref).
  11. [S40] Death certificate of Charles Richard Griffiths, died 3 Jun 1938, registered 4 Jun 1938 in the Registration District of Brighton, Sussex, England (GRO Index Ref: Vol 2b Page 325).

Doris Rosalie Griffiths

b. 11 September 1914, d. 7 July 2014
FatherFrederick Ernest Griffiths b. 1871, d. 1920
MotherRosanna Boyles Gardner b. 1877, d. 1952
Doris Rosalie Griffiths on her 90th birthday
     Doris Rosalie Griffiths was born on 11 September 1914 at Steyning, Sussex, England.1 She was the daughter of Frederick Ernest Griffiths and Rosanna Boyles Gardner.
Doris Rosalie Griffiths died on 7 July 2014 at Hove, Sussex, England, at age 99.

Citations

  1. [S142] General Register Office: Indexes to Births, Sep 1837-2006, "Oct-Dec 1914, Steyning, Vol 2b Page 377."

Edith Lilian Griffiths

b. 1888
FatherWilliam Thomas Griffiths b. 1865, d. 1920
MotherLouisa Annie Nye b. 1868
     Edith Lilian Griffiths was born in 1888 at Hove, Sussex, England.1 She was the daughter of William Thomas Griffiths and Louisa Annie Nye.
Edith Lilian Griffiths married Alfred Henry Emsley, son of William Emsley and Ann Pierce, in 1910 at Hove, Sussex, England.2
Edith Lilian Griffiths was a house keeper on 2 April 1911.3
On 2 April 1911 Edith Lilian Griffiths and Alfred Henry Emsley lived at 40 Rutland Road, Hove, Sussex, England.3

Family

Alfred Henry Emsley b. 1885
Marriage*
Edith Lilian Griffiths married Alfred Henry Emsley, son of William Emsley and Ann Pierce, in 1910 at Hove, Sussex, England.2 
Children

Citations

  1. [S142] General Register Office: Indexes to Births, Sep 1837-2006, "Apr-Jun 1888, Steyning, Vol 2b Page 290."
  2. [S143] General Register Office: Indexes to Marriages, Sep 1837 - 2006, "Jul-Sep 1910, Steyning, Vol 2b Page 568."
  3. [S73] 1911 Census for England "RG14PN5196 RG78PN229 RD80 SD2 ED22 SN111."

Emily Amelia Griffiths

b. 1864, d. 1936
FatherWilliam Griffiths b. 12 Apr 1836, d. 7 Sep 1918
MotherMargaret Day b. 8 Jul 1836, d. 17 Dec 1915
     Emily Amelia Griffiths was born in 1864 at Portsmouth, Hampshire, England.1 She was the daughter of William Griffiths and Margaret Day.
Emily Amelia Griffiths was baptized on 20 March 1864 at St Mary's Church, Portsea, Hampshire, England.
On 5 April 1891 Emily Amelia Griffiths lived at 61 Dyke Rd, Brighton, Sussex, England.2
Emily Amelia Griffiths was a parlor maid in the house of a retired surgeon on 5 April 1891.2
Emily Amelia Griffiths married Henry Roser in April 1896 at Brighton, Sussex, England.3
On 2 April 1911 Emily Amelia Griffiths and Henry Roser lived at 66 Rathcoole Gardens, Hornsey, Middlesex, England.4
As at the 1911 census they had only had the one child.4
Emily Amelia Griffiths died in 1936 at Brighton, Sussex, England. Age 72 years.5

Family

Henry Roser b. 1873
Marriage*
Emily Amelia Griffiths married Henry Roser in April 1896 at Brighton, Sussex, England.3 
Child

Citations

  1. [S142] General Register Office: Indexes to Births, Sep 1837-2006, "Jan-Mar 1864, Portsea Island, Vol 2b Page 493."
  2. [S71] 1891 Census for England "RG12 piece 811 folio 84 page 5."
  3. [S143] General Register Office: Indexes to Marriages, Sep 1837 - 2006, "Apr-Jun 1896, Brighton, Vol 2b Page 476."
  4. [S73] 1911 Census for England "RG14PN7214 RG78PN353 RD132 SD1 ED22 SN290."
  5. [S141] General Register Office: Indexes to Deaths, Sep 1837 - 2006, "Jan-Mar 1936, Brighton, Vol 2b Page 384, age 72 years."

Emily Julia Griffiths

b. 27 January 1844
FatherRichard Green Griffiths b. 28 Oct 1810, d. 27 Apr 1879
MotherEliza Cornell b. 2 Apr 1814, d. 24 Mar 1887
     Emily Julia Griffiths was born on 27 January 1844 at Near the Castle, Woodford, Essex, England; The birth certificate for Emily Julia gives her mother's name as "formerly CORNELL".1
The Castle is a public house at 393-395 High Rd, Woodford Green and still survives today. She was the daughter of Richard Green Griffiths and Eliza Cornell.
On 30 March 1851 Emily Julia Griffiths lived at 12 Swann Yard, Islington, Middlesex, England, with her parents and family.2

Citations

  1. [S756] Birth certificate of Emily Julia Griffiths, born 27 Jan 1844, registered 5 Mar 1844 in the Registration District of Walthamstow, Essex, England (GRO Index Ref: Vol 12 Page 307).
  2. [S16] 1851 Census for England "Class: HO107; Piece: 1499; Folio: 200; Page: 31; GSU roll: 87832."

Frederick Charles Griffiths

b. 1893, d. 12 April 1917
FatherCharles Richard Griffiths b. 13 Jun 1869, d. 3 Jun 1938
MotherAnn Elizabeth Godden b. 3 Jun 1865, d. 26 Jan 1932
Frederick Griffiths, c1915
     Frederick Charles Griffiths was born in 1893 at Brighton, Sussex, England.1 He was the son of Charles Richard Griffiths and Ann Elizabeth Godden.
On 31 March 1901 Frederick Charles Griffiths lived at 1 Exeter St, Preston Park, Brighton, Sussex, England, with his parents and family.2
Frederick Charles Griffiths was a plumber's apprentice on 2 April 1911.3
On 2 April 1911 Frederick Charles Griffiths lived at 21 Exeter St, Brighton, Sussex, England, with his parents and family.3
When war broke out he enlisted and served with the 9th Battalion Royal Sussex Regiment in France from 4th October 1915. He died of wounds on 12 April 1917 aged 23 years and was awarded the 1914/15 Star, British War Medal and Victory Medal. He wrote many post cards to his sister Victoria May (who Fred called Queenie) both from within England and France. He had a girlfriend Louie and sister Victoria May remembered having to go to see her family to let them know that he had been killed as her mother could not do it. Some photos of Louie have survived.
In July 1915 Fred was based at the Inkerman Barracks in Woking. He wrote some postcards from there to his sister Queenie.
While Fred was still in training, his 9th Battalion landed in France, at Boulogne, on 31st August 1915. Just a few weeks later on September 25th the battalion tasted it first action at the Battle of Loos and suffered heavy losses. Fred would have joined them soon after on 4th October. In 1916 it was at Hooge (14th February), Wulverghem (30th April) and during the Battle of the Somme it fought at the Battle for Delville Wood (11th -22nd, 31st August – 2nd September) and the Battle for Guillemont (3rd – 5th September). In 1917 the battalion took part in the attack on Bois en Hache at the Vimy Ridge (9th -14th April), and this is where Fred received the wounds from which he died. According to the 9th Battalion war diary, the attack on Bois en Hache "took place in a blinding snow storm & over ground full of large shell holes & churned into a sea of mud by bad weather and heavy shelling". "The attack was timed for 5am on the 12th, just before dawn. All Companies moved into position of assembly without delay or casualty by 1am & Tea & Rum were issued to the men. The difficult operation of forming up on the proper alignment was carried out under cover of a blizzard 5 mins before zero. In the attack heavy casualties were at once sustained from M.G. fire. The first objective was at once captured with about 60 casualties, including 3 officers of “B” Coy, 1 of “A” Coy & 1 of “C” Coy. About 6 Germans who fought were bayonetted, the remainder were captured or ran away. At 5:10am the advance continued."
Frederick Charles Griffiths left a will made on 12 October 1915: (War Department Wills "FAEJ753132.")
G/2981 Private Frederick Charles Griffiths died on 12 April 1917 at Bois en Hache near Souchez, France. He died of wounds. There are trench maps available which show the location of the wood Bois en Hache, and it is still visible today on Google earth (Coords 50 24 07.15 N, 2 45 06.21 E). It is mid way between the villages of Souchez and Angres. The war diary for his regiment describing the action that day is transcribed later in this chapter.
Frederick Charles Griffiths was buried after 12 April 1917 at Plot 1 Row K Grave 10, Chocques Military Cemetery, Chocques, Pas-de-Calais, France. His parents were allowed to place an inscription at the base of the headstone, and written there is "Always in our thoughts - Mum & Dad". After the War the Salvation Army took Fred's mother to France to see his grave, along with many other mothers.4
The village of Chocques is about 4 kilometres north west of Bethune on the road to Lillers, and Chocques Military Cemetery lies to the north of the village on the east side of the road to Gonnehem. Chocques was in British occupation from the late autumn 1914 to the end of the War. From January 1915 to April 1918, No. 1 Casualty Clearing Station was posted in the village, and during that time almost all the burials in the Cemetery were those of men who died there of wounds received in fighting on the Bethune front. It is interesting to note that the land occupied as British War Cemeteries in France is, by a law of 29th December 1915, the free gift of the French people for the perpetual resting place of those who are laid there.4
Fred's grave was visited on 2 May 2012 by Geoff and Julitha Barber, Logan Barber, Tony and Vera Barber, Brendan Barber and Rowena Williams. A wreath was laid at the grave which included some yellow wattle flowers from Australia. The headstone had recently been renovated and the inscription looked quite crisp and newly done. The visit was organised as part of a tour of the Western Front, and also included visits to the grave of Enos England at Fleurs cemetery, and also Alfred England's memorial at Thiepval (he has no known grave), both great uncles to Vera Barber (nee England).
Next to Fred is the grave of Sergeant W.G. Thompson from the Royal Sussex Regiment who also died of wounds on the same day as Fred. Both were sent to No. 1 Casualty Clearing Station in Chocques where they would have died. William George Thompson is listed in the National Probate Index in 1917 as having come from East Grinstead in Sussex.
The site of the battle at Bois en Hache was also visited on 2 May 2012. It is a private wood, and as such appears to have survived untouched since WW1. The ground is very uneven with shell holes and trench lines visible. This was quite a surprise, as untouched areas like this are becoming quite rare.
Fred's name is recorded on a number of memorials including the Royal Sussex Regiment Chapel inside Chichester Cathedral; the War Memorial in Old Steine, Brighton; and on a memorial at his old school in Stanford Rd, Brighton (Stanford Junior School).5
The full War Diary entry for the Royal Sussex Regiment on the day of Fred's death is given below:
War Diary 9th Battalion Royal Sussex Regiment: Attack on BOIS-en-HACHE - 12 April 1917.
1/4/17 Bn in line in Left Sub-section Souchez. Relieved on night 1st & 2nd by 2 Coys 8th Bn. The BUFFS. Bn moved to Divisional Reserve in billets at Fosse 10.
2/4/17 Major M. CAMPBELL-JOHNSTON struck off strength & attached to HQ 3rd Army
2/4/17 to 10/4/17 Bn trained under Capt T FOSTER for attack ordered for 10th. Lt Col Hill, M.C. returned from leave 10/11/17. Attack postponed till 12/4/17
11/4/17 Bn took over position of front from 8th Baffs on evening of 11th.
12/4/17 Attack on BOIS-en-HACHE (S2b & M32d Sheet 36c) The attack was carried out in conjunction with the 2nd Leinsters on our right, & in cooperation with an attack by the Canadian Corps. The objectives were the German 1st & 2nd line, which meant the capture of his commanding position in the Bois-en-Hache. “A” Coy on the left and “B” Coy on the right were detached to take the 2nd line, & hold it as a line of observation. “C” Coy was detailed “mop up”, consolidate & hold as line of resistance the enemy front line. “D” Coy was held in reserve. The attack was timed for 5am on the 12th, just before dawn. All Companies moved into position of assembly without delay or casualty by 1am & Tea & Rum were issued to the men. The difficult operation of forming up on the proper alignment was carried out under cover of a blizzard 5 mins before zero.
In the attack heavy casualties were at once sustained from M.G. fire. The first objective was at once captured with about 60 casualties, including 3 officers of “B” Coy, 1 of “A” Coy & 1 of “C” Coy. About 6 Germans who fought were bayonetted, the remainder were captured or ran away. At 5:10am the advance continued. “A” Coy reached all their objectives & established a line of posts 80 yds in advance of German front line. In this advance “A” & “B” & “C” Coys each lost an officer. Three attempts at a Bombing attack were made but were driven off. A counter attack against the last one resulted in the capture of 2 prisoners. “B” Coy in spite of the loss of all their officers reached their objective in small parties, one in touch with “A” Coy & 1 in touch with 2nd Leinsters. 12 men were found killed 20 yds in front of the objective. The dug-outs in the front line were picquetted, 150 yds of the line was wired by Lt Lloyd Davis & a party of 129 Field Co. R.E. with 15 men of D Coy. A Vickers Gun was successfully got into position in the centre of this line, & a Stokes Gun with 190 rounds was carried to a position on the left of the enemy front line. The ammunition was carried by men of D Coy. During the day “A” Coy got considerable shelling, but the casualties were very few.
The attack took place in a blinding snow storm & over ground full of large shell holes & churned into a sea of mud by bad weather and heavy shelling.
13/4/17 The night of 12th/13th was comparatively quiet, but the usual darkness & heaviness of the ground made communication difficult. The morning of the 13th was quiet except for shelling by single guns. At 1pm it was seen that the enemy was shelling his own line & the village of ANGRES. Consequently at 1.45pm patrols were sent out under 2/LT. P. ATTWOOD & 2/LT H. SAXON 500 yds from the German 2nd line & reported that enemy had withdrawn except for a M.G. & two snipers who were firing. Bn H.Q. was established in the German front line by 4 o’clock. By this time our patrol had Bombed the enemy out of FOSSE 6. An outpost line was established by D Coy on the SOUCHER River & before dark a patrol under 2/LT R. BURNIER reached CALVERY Trench in S.3.a & BUQUET MILL at S.3.a 55.90. The outpost line was held through the night & by 7 a.m. the Bn was relieved by 12th Bn Royal Fusiliers
19 Prisoners were captured & a large number of German dead were found in the captured trenches. Our casualties were
Officers 5 killed – 4 wounded. O.R. Killed 40 Wounded 63
Died of Wounds – O.R. 4 Total – all ranks 116
Officers in Action
C.O. Lt Col. M.V.B. HILL M.C. 2nd-in-C. Capt T. FOSTER Adjt Lt H.C. COLEMAN
Sigs. Off 2/LT P. ATTWOOD Intn Officer 2/LT R. BURNIER Bomb Off. 2/LT G.C. MOLE
“A” Coy
CAPT. C.E. GOAD
LT W.D. CHEPMELL (killed)
2/LT K.F.F. WARD (wounded)
2/LT E.R. HOLDEN (wounded)
“B” Co
CAPT G.M. SHACKEL (wounded)
LT W.B. SHAW (killed)
2/LT G.M.W. PROWSE (killed)
2/LT A. CARTER (killed)
“C” Co
2/LT B.H. VIDLER (killed)
2/LT H. SAXON
2/LT H.G. WELHAM
2/LT W.R. CHITTENDEN (wounded)
“D” Co
2/LT J.E. PAUL
2/LT R.W. ROMSBEY
2/LT A. JACKSON
CSM BARNARD, “A” Co was killed
14/4/17 Bn moved on relief to MARQUEFFLES FARM. Weather was still bad.
17/4/14 BN marched to HESINGNEUL into billets.
18/4/14 Bn marched to AUCHEL & were billeted
19/4/14 Bn marched to Training Area & were billeted at ESTREE BLANCHE
20/4/17 Bn rested & reorganised. ………….6

Citations

  1. [S142] General Register Office: Indexes to Births, Sep 1837-2006, "Apr-Jun 1893, Brighton, Vol 2b Page 237."
  2. [S72] 1901 Census for England "RG13 piece 940 folio 27 page 8."
  3. [S73] 1911 Census for England "RG14PN5155 RG78PN228 RD80 SD1 ED3 SN87."
  4. [S187] Imperial War Graves Commission, "The War Graves of the British Empire (France 98 and 99)", Imperial War Graves Commission, First Edition (1923) "page 29."
  5. [S732] Website "Imperial War Museum War Memorials Register" (https://www.iwm.org.uk/memorials) "https://www.iwm.org.uk/memorials/item/memorial/72053."
  6. [S176] War Diary of Royal Sussex Regiment 9th Bn, France, April 1917 (The National Archives, WO/95/2219).

Frederick Ernest Griffiths

b. 1871, d. 1920
FatherWilliam Griffiths b. 12 Apr 1836, d. 7 Sep 1918
MotherMargaret Day b. 8 Jul 1836, d. 17 Dec 1915
Frederick Ernest Griffiths, brother of Charles Richard Griffiths
     Frederick Ernest Griffiths was born in 1871 at Brighton, Sussex, England.1 He was the son of William Griffiths and Margaret Day.
Frederick Ernest Griffiths was a mail messenger at the post office on 5 April 1891.
On 5 April 1891 Frederick Ernest Griffiths lived at 4a Upper Hamilton Road, Preston, Brighton, Sussex, England, living with his parents William and Margaret Griffiths and family.2
Frederick Ernest Griffiths married Rosanna Boyles Gardner, daughter of Frederick Gardner and Fanny Esther Wilkins, in 1897 at Brighton, Sussex, England.3
Frederick worked on the night trains from London sorting the mail.4
Frederick Ernest Griffiths was Post Office sorting clerk and telegraphist on 31 March 1901.5
On 31 March 1901 Frederick Ernest Griffiths and Rosanna Boyles Gardner lived at 11 Hamilton Road, Preston, Brighton, Sussex, England, living with Fred's parents William and Margaret Griffiths.5
Frederick Ernest Griffiths was a lotting clerk and telegraphist on 2 April 1911.6
On 2 April 1911 Frederick Ernest Griffiths and Rosanna Boyles Gardner lived at 12 Stafford Rd, Preston, Brighton, Sussex, England.6
In the 1911 census, Frederick and Rosanna stated they had no children. A niece, Lucy Rose Rickard age 6 years, born Halifax, Yorkshire, was living with them.6
Frederick Ernest Griffiths died in 1920 at Brighton, Sussex, England. Age 48 years.7
Fred was awarded the Imperial Service Medal in November 1920 for his service in the post office.
His daughter Doris always said that he died as a result of mustard gas from WW1.

Family

Rosanna Boyles Gardner b. 1877, d. 1952
Marriage*
Frederick Ernest Griffiths married Rosanna Boyles Gardner, daughter of Frederick Gardner and Fanny Esther Wilkins, in 1897 at Brighton, Sussex, England.3 
Children

Citations

  1. [S142] General Register Office: Indexes to Births, Sep 1837-2006, "Apr-Jun 1871, Brighton, Vol 2b Page 241."
  2. [S71] 1891 Census for England "RG12 piece 820 folio 76 page 11."
  3. [S143] General Register Office: Indexes to Marriages, Sep 1837 - 2006, "Oct-Dec 1897, Brighton, Vol 2b Page 492."
  4. [S10] Information supplied by Victoria May Griffiths (St Ann's Rest Home, 9 Stanford Ave, Brighton, East Sussex, England) to Geoffrey Barber (Subiaco WA 6008, Australia), September 1988.
  5. [S72] 1901 Census for England "RG13 piece 940 folio 79 page 31."
  6. [S73] 1911 Census for England "RG14PN5155 RG78PN228 RD80 SD1 ED3 SN170."
  7. [S141] General Register Office: Indexes to Deaths, Sep 1837 - 2006, "Apr-Jun 1920, Steyning, Vol 2b Page 293, age 48 years."

Frederick Griffith Griffiths

b. 19 January 1913, d. 14 April 1979
FatherFrederick Ernest Griffiths b. 1871, d. 1920
MotherRosanna Boyles Gardner b. 1877, d. 1952
Frederick Griffith (Griff) Griffiths
     Frederick Griffith Griffiths was born on 19 January 1913 at Steyning, Sussex, England.1,2 He was the son of Frederick Ernest Griffiths and Rosanna Boyles Gardner.
Frederick Griffith Griffiths was also known as Griff.
Frederick was ordained a Church of England clergyman in September 1936 at Rochester Cathedral, Kent.
Frederick Griffith Griffiths married Ernestine Mary Collard-Scruby on 11 September 1943 at St John the Baptist, Southend, Lewisham, London, England.3
Emigrated to Western Australia in October 1954. Daughter Moir had rheumatic fever and it was thought that going to a warm country was a remedial thing to do at the time. Sailed from Tilbury on P&O’s “Oronsay” and arrived in Fremantle. Stayed at the Archbishop of Perth’s place in Perth for a week or two and then went up to Merredin whereFrederick was Rector at All Saints, Merredin. Unfortunately the heat was too much for wife Mary. She could not sweat properly so after about eighteen months they had to come home again on “Strathaird”. It was a wonderful adventure for the children though.
Frederick appears in the 1977 Crockford's Clerical Directory. Note that AKC means that he was a Licentiate of King's College, London (London University Theology Dept).
Frederick Griffith Griffiths died on 14 April 1979 at Harrogate District Hospital, Harrogate, Yorkshire, England, at age 66.2

Family

Ernestine Mary Collard-Scruby b. 21 Oct 1912, d. 1985
Marriage*
Frederick Griffith Griffiths married Ernestine Mary Collard-Scruby on 11 September 1943 at St John the Baptist, Southend, Lewisham, London, England.3
Child

Citations

  1. [S142] General Register Office: Indexes to Births, Sep 1837-2006, "Jan-Feb 1913, Steyning, Vol 2b Page 419."
  2. [S141] General Register Office: Indexes to Deaths, Sep 1837 - 2006, "Apr-Jun 1979, Claro, Vol 2 Page 1981."
  3. [S143] General Register Office: Indexes to Marriages, Sep 1837 - 2006, "Jul-Sep 1943, Lewisham, Vol 1d Page 1481."

George Griffiths

b. 1846, d. 1851
FatherRichard Green Griffiths b. 28 Oct 1810, d. 27 Apr 1879
MotherEliza Cornell b. 2 Apr 1814, d. 24 Mar 1887
     George Griffiths was born in 1846 at Islington, Middlesex, England.1 He was the son of Richard Green Griffiths and Eliza Cornell.
George Griffiths died in 1851 at Islington, Middlesex, England.2

Citations

  1. [S142] General Register Office: Indexes to Births, Sep 1837-2006, "Jul-Sep 1846, Islington, Vol 3 Page 276."
  2. [S141] General Register Office: Indexes to Deaths, Sep 1837 - 2006, "Jan-Mar 1851, Islington, Vol 3 Page 236. Age 4 years."

Glyn Griffiths

b. September 1946, d. September 1946
FatherFrederick Griffith Griffiths b. 19 Jan 1913, d. 14 Apr 1979
MotherErnestine Mary Collard-Scruby b. 21 Oct 1912, d. 1985
     Glyn Griffiths was born in September 1946 at Staines, Middlesex, England.1 He was the son of Frederick Griffith Griffiths and Ernestine Mary Collard-Scruby.
Glyn Griffiths died in September 1946 at Staines, Middlesex, England. He was born a "blue baby" and died 1 day old.2

Citations

  1. [S142] General Register Office: Indexes to Births, Sep 1837-2006, "Oct-Dec 1946, Staines, Vol 5f Page 493."
  2. [S141] General Register Office: Indexes to Deaths, Sep 1837 - 2006, "Oct-Dec 1946, Staines, Vol 5f Page 244."

Harold George Griffiths

b. 3 May 1909, d. 1992
FatherHarry George Griffiths b. 1878, d. 1960
MotherCaroline Edith Errey b. 5 May 1872, d. 30 Mar 1945
     Harold George Griffiths was born on 3 May 1909 at Hove, Sussex, England.1 He was the son of Harry George Griffiths and Caroline Edith Errey.
Harold George Griffiths married Joyce Kathleen M Sales on 2 June 1936 at Bournemouth, Dorset, England.2
Harold George Griffiths died in 1992 at South Africa.

Family

Joyce Kathleen M Sales b. 1909, d. 2010
Marriage*
Harold George Griffiths married Joyce Kathleen M Sales on 2 June 1936 at Bournemouth, Dorset, England.2 

Citations

  1. [S142] General Register Office: Indexes to Births, Sep 1837-2006, "Apr-Jun 1909, Steyning, Vol 2b Page 258."
  2. [S143] General Register Office: Indexes to Marriages, Sep 1837 - 2006, "Apr-Jun 1936, Bournemouth, Vol 2b Page 1806."

Harry George Griffiths

b. 1878, d. 1960
FatherWilliam Griffiths b. 12 Apr 1836, d. 7 Sep 1918
MotherMargaret Day b. 8 Jul 1836, d. 17 Dec 1915
Harry George Griffiths c1899, age 21 years
     Harry George Griffiths was born in 1878 at Brighton, Sussex, England.1 He was the son of William Griffiths and Margaret Day.
Harry George Griffiths married Caroline Edith Errey, daughter of Hezekiah Errey and Elizabeth King, on 6 August 1900 at St Peter's Church, Brighton, Sussex, England, Date of marriage from war service record.2
Harry George Griffiths was a fishmonger on 2 April 1911.3
On 2 April 1911 Harry George Griffiths and Caroline Edith Errey lived at 107 Cowper St, Hove, Sussex, England.3
In 1915 Harry George Griffiths and Caroline Edith Errey lived at 26 Porthall Place, Brighton, Sussex, England.
He enlisted in WW1 on 8 Nov 1915 at Hove, age 37 years, and his occupation at that time was a fishmonger, the same as his father. His initial posting appears to be the 14th Service Battalion, Royal Sussex Regiment. Harry served in the Royal Scots Fusiliers from 21 Jul 1917 until 20 Feb 1918 and then as a Private with the RAMC 34 Coy (Reg No 138076). He was discharged on 28 Aug 1919.4
Harry George Griffiths died in 1960 at Brighton, Sussex, England.5

Family

Caroline Edith Errey b. 5 May 1872, d. 30 Mar 1945
Marriage*
Harry George Griffiths married Caroline Edith Errey, daughter of Hezekiah Errey and Elizabeth King, on 6 August 1900 at St Peter's Church, Brighton, Sussex, England, Date of marriage from war service record.2 
Children

Citations

  1. [S142] General Register Office: Indexes to Births, Sep 1837-2006, "Jul-Sep 1878, Brighton, Vol 2b Page 269."
  2. [S143] General Register Office: Indexes to Marriages, Sep 1837 - 2006, "Jul-Sep 1900, Brighton, Vol 2b, Page 473."
  3. [S73] 1911 Census for England "RG14PN5195 RG78PN229 RD80 SD2 ED21 SN278."
  4. [S244] Website "Ancestry" (http://www.ancestry.co.uk/) "Ancestry.com. British Army WWI Service Records, 1914-1920 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2008.
    Original data: The National Archives of the UK (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO).
    War Office: Soldiers’ Documents, First World War ‘Burnt Documents’ (Microfilm Copies); (The National Archives Microfilm Publication WO363); Records created or inherited by the War Office, Armed Forces, Judge Advocate General, and related bodies; The National Archives of the UK (TNA), Kew, Surrey, England."
  5. [S141] General Register Office: Indexes to Deaths, Sep 1837 - 2006, "1960, Brighton, Vol 5h, Page 201 , 81 years."

Isabella Griffiths

b. 1854
FatherRichard Green Griffiths b. 28 Oct 1810, d. 27 Apr 1879
MotherEliza Cornell b. 2 Apr 1814, d. 24 Mar 1887
     Isabella Griffiths was born in 1854 at St Pancras, Middlesex, England; (needs to be checked.)1 She was the daughter of Richard Green Griffiths and Eliza Cornell.
Isabella Griffiths was baptized on 1 June 1856 at St Mary Magdalene, Holloway Road, Islington, Middlesex, England.2
On 7 April 1861 Isabella Griffiths lived at 3 Albert Square, Islington, Middlesex, England, with her parents and family.3
Isabella Griffiths was a laundress on 2 April 1871.4
On 2 April 1871 Isabella Griffiths lived at 3 Albert Square, Islington, Middlesex, England, with her parents.4
Isabella Griffiths was a laundress on 2 April 1871.
Isabella Griffiths married George Samuel Turner, son of George Samuel Turner, on 15 September 1872 at Islington St Mary, Islington, Middlesex, England.5
On 3 April 1881 Isabella Griffiths and George Samuel Turner lived at 3 Albert Square, Islington, Middlesex, England, with Isabella's mother Eliza (a widow aged 66 years) who gives her place of birth as Hatfield, Essex.6
There is a possible death for Isabella in 1890 at Islington, age 37 years.7

Family

George Samuel Turner b. c 1851, d. c 1936
Marriage*
Isabella Griffiths married George Samuel Turner, son of George Samuel Turner, on 15 September 1872 at Islington St Mary, Islington, Middlesex, England.5 
Children

Citations

  1. [S142] General Register Office: Indexes to Births, Sep 1837-2006, "Apr-Jun 1854, St Pancras, Vol 1b Page 29."
  2. [S244] Website "Ancestry" (http://www.ancestry.co.uk/) "London Metropolitan Archives, St Mary Magdalene, Holloway Road, Register of Baptism, p83/mmg, Item 001."
  3. [S68] 1861 Census for England, "Class: RG 9; Piece: 125; Folio: 108; Page: 37; GSU roll: 542578."
  4. [S69] 1871 Census for England, "RG10 piece 252 folio 69 page 28."
  5. [S244] Website "Ancestry" (http://www.ancestry.co.uk/) "London Metropolitan Archives, Saint Mary, Islington, Register of marriages, P83/MRY1, Item 1238."
  6. [S70] 1881 Census for England, "RG11 piece 226 folio 78 page 40."
  7. [S141] General Register Office: Indexes to Deaths, Sep 1837 - 2006, "Jul-Sep 1890, Islington, Vol 1b Page 175, age 37 years."