Robert Lipscomb

b. 18 June 1837, d. 1895
FatherRobert Lipscomb b. 18 Oct 1797, d. 27 Jul 1864
MotherElizabeth Hopkins b. 12 Aug 1795
     Robert Lipscomb was baptized on 18 June 1837 at Penshurst, Kent, England.1 He was the son of Robert Lipscomb and Elizabeth Hopkins.
Robert Lipscomb married Lucy Richmond, daughter of Sarah (?), in 1859 at Hackney, London, England.2
Robert Lipscomb was a farmer of 150 acres employing 6 men and 3 boys on 2 April 1871.3
On 2 April 1871 Robert Lipscomb and Lucy Richmond lived at Pond Farm, East Peckham, Kent, England.3
Robert Lipscomb died in 1895 at Capel, Kent, England. "age 57 years."4

Family

Lucy Richmond b. c 1843
Marriage*
Robert Lipscomb married Lucy Richmond, daughter of Sarah (?), in 1859 at Hackney, London, England.2 
Children

Citations

  1. [S388] Website "FamilySearch" (http://www.familysearch.org/) "GS Film number: 1469439, Reference ID: - 2:2FLDWH7."
  2. [S143] General Register Office: Indexes to Marriages, Sep 1837 - 2006, "Jan-Mar 1859, Hackney, Vol 1b Page 413."
  3. [S69] 1871 Census for England, "RG10 piece 918 folio 35 page 16."
  4. [S141] General Register Office: Indexes to Deaths, Sep 1837 - 2006, "Jan-Mar 1895, Tunbridge Wells, Vol 2a Page 561, age 57 years."

Robert Francis Lipscomb

b. 13 February 1860, d. 1862
FatherRobert Lipscomb b. 18 Jun 1837, d. 1895
MotherLucy Richmond b. c 1843
     Robert Francis Lipscomb was baptized on 13 February 1860 at Hadlow, Kent, England.1 He was the son of Robert Lipscomb and Lucy Richmond.
Robert Francis Lipscomb died in 1862 at Kent, England.2

Citations

  1. [S388] Website "FamilySearch" (http://www.familysearch.org/) "GS Film number: 1469424 IT 3."
  2. [S141] General Register Office: Indexes to Deaths, Sep 1837 - 2006, "Apr-Jun 1862, Tunbridge Wells, Vol 2a Page 263."

Sarah Lipscomb

b. 10 January 1762
FatherWilliam Lipscomb b. 24 Sep 1727
MotherMary Cornfool
     Sarah Lipscomb was baptized on 10 January 1762 at Tudeley, Kent, England. She was the daughter of William Lipscomb and Mary Cornfool.
Sarah Lipscomb married Thomas Stow circa 1795.
The marriage of Sarah to Thomas Stow is speculative as no marriage has been found. However, a William Stow is mentioned in Robert Lipscombe's will of 1838 and he is referred to as a nephew. Also, Robert's son George Lipscombe (born Penshurst) was staying with William Stow for the 1851 census, and this William has been identified as having parents Thomas Stow and Sarah. It has therefore been speculated that this Sarah is Sarah Lipscombe, sister to Robert.1

Family

Thomas Stow b. 1769
Marriage
Sarah Lipscomb married Thomas Stow circa 1795. 
Child

Citations

  1. [S471] Will of Robert Lipscombe of Penshurst, Kent, England, made 22 Feb 1838, proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 1 Jun 1838. (TNA: PROB 11/1896/2360).

William Lipscomb

b. 24 September 1727
FatherJohn Lipscomb d. 1764
MotherMary Wimset d. 15 Jul 1769
     William Lipscomb was baptized on 24 September 1727 at Hadlow, Kent, England.1 He was the son of John Lipscomb and Mary Wimset.
William Lipscomb married Mary Cornfool on 2 October 1751 at Tonbridge, Kent, England, Note: West Kent marriage index has CORNFOOT.2,3
The parish register for Pembury was searched but there were no LIPSCOMBES. Pembury is near Tonbridge.

Family

Mary Cornfool
Marriage*
William Lipscomb married Mary Cornfool on 2 October 1751 at Tonbridge, Kent, England, Note: West Kent marriage index has CORNFOOT.2,3 
Children

Citations

  1. [S388] Website "FamilySearch" (http://www.familysearch.org/) "GS Film number: 992517, Item 2."
  2. [S388] Website "FamilySearch" (http://www.familysearch.org/) "source film number     1469268."
  3. [S151] Index to West Kent Marriages, KFHS CD-ROM36, 1538-1812, compiled by Sydney Smith, 59 Friar Road, Orpington Kent BR5 2BW, England.

William Lipscomb

b. 19 September 1756
FatherWilliam Lipscomb b. 24 Sep 1727
MotherMary Cornfool
     William Lipscomb was baptized on 19 September 1756 at Tudeley, Kent, England.1 He was the son of William Lipscomb and Mary Cornfool.
William Lipscomb married Mary Walter on 9 December 1781 at Tudeley, Kent, England.1

Family

Mary Walter
Marriage*
William Lipscomb married Mary Walter on 9 December 1781 at Tudeley, Kent, England.1 

Citations

  1. [S388] Website "FamilySearch" (http://www.familysearch.org/) "GS Film number: 992538."

Esther Lisher

     Esther Lisher married Henry Silvester circa 1845 at England.

Family

Henry Silvester d. b 1872
Marriage*
Esther Lisher married Henry Silvester circa 1845 at England
Children

Kathleen Lister

b. 21 December 1914, d. 26 June 1999
     Kathleen Lister was born on 21 December 1914 at Bradford, Yorkshire West Riding, England; DOB from Death Index record.
Kathleen Lister married Charles Walter Thomas, son of Charles Edwin Thomas and Julia Elizabeth Humphries, in 1940 at Bradford, Yorkshire West Riding, England.1
Kathleen Lister died on 26 June 1999 at Bradford, Yorkshire West Riding, England, at age 84.2

Family

Charles Walter Thomas b. 1 Feb 1917, d. 19 Nov 1956
Marriage*
Kathleen Lister married Charles Walter Thomas, son of Charles Edwin Thomas and Julia Elizabeth Humphries, in 1940 at Bradford, Yorkshire West Riding, England.1 

Citations

  1. [S143] General Register Office: Indexes to Marriages, Sep 1837 - 2006, "Oct-Dec 1940, Bradford, Vol 9b Page 399."
  2. [S141] General Register Office: Indexes to Deaths, Sep 1837 - 2006, "Jun 1999, Bradford, Reg: E63A, District: 0811E, Entry: 13. DOB: 21 Dec 1914."

Annie J Little

b. circa 1883
FatherJohn Little b. c 1851
MotherMary (?) b. c 1860
     Annie J Little was born circa 1883 at Stapleton, Cumberland, England. She was the daughter of John Little and Mary (?)

Eliza Little

b. 7 September 1815, d. 1 August 1829
FatherJohn Little b. 13 Dec 1782, d. 1 Dec 1848
MotherElizabeth Wigham b. 26 Feb 1787, d. 31 Jul 1830
     Eliza Little was born on 7 September 1815 at Carlisle, Cumberland, England; (non conformist indexes.)1 She was the daughter of John Little and Elizabeth Wigham.
Eliza Little died on 1 August 1829 at Carlisle, Cumberland, England, at age 13. Age 14 years, parents given as John and Elizabeth Little.2

Citations

  1. [S388] Website "FamilySearch" (http://www.familysearch.org/) "gs film number: 815969."
  2. [S388] Website "FamilySearch" (http://www.familysearch.org/) "gs film number: 815962, reference id: 116."

Elizabeth Little

b. 9 August 1827, d. 17 July 1896
FatherWilliam Little b. 19 Dec 1797, d. b 1881
MotherMary (?)
     Elizabeth Little was baptized on 9 August 1827 at St Peter's, Liverpool, Lancashire, England.1
This baptism is a possibility for our Elizabeth but further work is required. There is another possibility: Elizabeth Little baptised 7 Oct 1825 to William and Elizabeth Little at St Peter Liverpool. Census and date at death do support the 1827 date though.2 She was the daughter of William Little and Mary (?)
On 7 June 1841 Elizabeth Little lived at Duke St, Liverpool, Lancashire, England, Elizabeth is living with Ann Blain, 25 yrs, draper and Jane Blain, 65, independent, and others. She is a drapers assistant. It is interesting to note that a Thomas Blain was an executor of Elizabeth's cousin Mary Little's will in Carlisle, Cumberland in 1860.3
In the 1851 census there is an Elizabeth Little, age 28 years, born Liverpool, working as a draper's assistant in London. She was living at 65 Bishopsgate Street, St Ethelburga, London. At that time, Elizabeth's sister Jane Little was living a short distance away in Houndsditch Road, Bishopsgate, London.
Elizabeth was living at the same address for the 1861 census but her occupation was needlewoman.4,5
Elizabeth Little witnessed the marriage of Thomas Ward and Jane Little on 9 June 1862 at All Hallows London Wall, London, England.6
An Elizabeth Little, born c1829 in Liverpool, was living alone in Wetheral near Carlisle, Cumberland for the 1871 census. Her occupation was housekeeper.7
On 3 April 1881 Elizabeth Little lived at 2 Hartington Place, Rickergate, Carlisle, Cumberland, England.8
Elizabeth Little witnessed the will of Jane Little dated 3 April 1881 at Carlisle, Cumberland, England; See source reference for copy of will - not yet transcribed.9
The 1881 census reads:
Jane Little, Head, unmar, 56 yrs, income from rents, dividends, etc, b. Cumberland, Carlisle.
Elizabeth Little, Cousin, unmar, 54 yrs, income from rents, dividends, etc, b. Lancashire, Liverpool.
Ellen Edgar, Servant, 37 yrs, cook domestic, b. Cumberland, Nichol Forest.
Elizabeth Edgar, Servant, 17 yrs, housemaid, b. Scotland.
Elizabeth Little is living with her cousin Jane Little (this is not Elizabeth's sister, Jane Little, who married Thomas Ward). This may be a clue that the family originally came from Carlisle. Elizabeth left a will in which she owned the properties at nos 2 and 4 Hartington Road, Carlisle. Did she inherit these from her cousin Jane?
In the earlier 1851 census, this Jane Little is recorded at 4 Earl St, Rickergate, Carlisle:
Mary Little, Head, unm, 36 yrs, Annuitant, b. Carlisle.
Jane Little, Sis, unm, 26 yrs, Annuitant, b. Carlisle.
Mary Wigham, Aunt, unm, 50 yrs, Annuitant, b. Haltwhistle,NBL
The prescence of Mary Wigham is significant, as Elizabeth Little appointed Thomas Wigham and Anne Ward as executors of her will in 1889. Anne WARD's address is given as 11 Spring Bank, Manningham, Bradford and is probably a close relative of Thomas WARD (m. Jane LITTLE). The probate indicates that Anne Ward had died before the will was proved in 1896 as Thomas was the only surviving executor. There are family connections here that need to be resolved.8,10
Elizabeth never married.
Elizabeth Little left a will made on 3 September 1889 at Carlisle, Cumberland, England.11
"This is the last will and testament of me, Elizabeth Little, of 2 Hartington Place in the City of Carlisle, spinster, made this third day of September one thousand eight hundred and eighty nine. I appoint my friends Thompson Wigham of 20 Spencer Street in the said City, Ham Factor, and Anne Ward of 11 Spring Bank, Manningham, Bradford in the County of York, Spinster, Executors and Trustees of this my will and I declare that they or the survivor of them or other the Trustees or Trustee for the time being of this my will are and is herinafter referred to as my Trustees". I give to my trustees the sum of ten pounds each free of Legacy duty to be paid to them on my decease. I give devise and bequeath my two Leasehold Messuages or Dwellinghouses and premises being numbers 2 and 4 Hartington Place aforesaid together with the furniture and effects therein contained and all other my estate, both real and personal, of which I shall be possessed at the time of my decease unto my Sister Jane Ward of Vuna, Rathmines Road, Auburn, Melbourne in the Colony of Victoria (Widow of the late Thomas Ward of Quara Walui, Taveuni in the islands of Fiji) absolutely. But if she shall die in my lifetime then I give to my two nieces Florence Amelia Ward and Clara Lavinia Ward the whole of my clothing, wearing apparel and ornaments of the person to be equally divided between them as may be agreed upon between themselves. And subject thereto I give devise and bequeath my said two Leasehold Messuages and premises with the furniture and other effects therin contained and all other my estate, both real and personal, of which I shall be possessed at the time of my decease unto my trustees upon trust to sell call in and convert the same into money and, after payment thereout of all my just debts, funeral and testamentary expenses and the above mentioned legacies, to pay and divide the net proceeds thereof unto and equally between and amongst all the children of my said sister Jane Ward who shall be living at the time of my decease and the issue of such of them as may be then dead such issue taking their parents share only equally between them. And I declare that my trustees may transmit the amount payable to any Legatte under this my will who may be residing abroad in such manner as they may think proper without being responsible or liable for any loss which may arise in such transmission. And I empower my Trustees if they in their absolute discretion think fit to pay over any vested or share or part therof of any infant Legatee under this my Will to such infant upon his or her receipt alone which shall not withstanding his or her infancy be a full and sufficient discharge to my Trustees. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand the day and year first before written ----Elizabeth Little----
Signed by the said Elizabeth Little as and for her last and only will in the presence of us, both then present at the same time, who at her request in her presence and in the presence of each other subscribed our names as witnesses ---John E Vipond---Hy. Hodgson---- Clerks with Messrs Wright & Brown, Solicitors, Carlisle.
On the twenty fourth day of August, 1896 Probate of this will was granted at Carlisle to Thompson Wigham the surviving executor."

(Transcribed by Geoffrey Barber c1987)
Her estate was registered as worth 2,115 pounds.11
Elizabeth Little died on 17 July 1896 at Carlisle, Cumberland, England, at age 68. (date from probate record) age 68 years.12
John Ward Trowbridge, of Sandy Bay, Tasmania, Australia is a grandson of Jane Little's daughter Clara Lavinia Ward. He is said to have a card in his possession which reads:
In Loving Remembrance of
ELIZABETH LITTLE
who died at Hartington Place, Carlisle,
on the sixth day, 7th mo. 1896
aged 68 years
The internment is intended to take place at the
cemetery, Carlisle, on the 20th inst. leaving
Hartington Place at 2 p.m.

The death date here is different to that given in the grant of probate, which has 17 July 1896. Given that the card has not been sighted, the death date is recorded as 17 July until proven otherwise.
Elizabeth Little was buried on 20 July 1896 at Carlisle Cemetery, Cumberland, England.
Her estate was probated on 24 August 1896 at Carlisle, Cumberland, England, Little, Elizabeth of 2 Hartington Place Carlisle spinster died 17 July 1896 Probate Carlisle 24 August to Thomas Wigham ham factor. Effects 1,934 pounds 4s 3d. Resworn November 1896 2,115 pounds 17s 9d.11,13
Elizabeth's estate was worth 2,115 pounds, a considerable sum, and included two dwellings at 2 and 4 Hartington Place in Carlisle, Cumberland, England which she had inherited from her cousin Jane Little in 1888. Her personal effects (clothing and jewellery, etc.) were divided between Florence Amelia Ward and Clara Lavinia Ward. The money was equally shared between the children of Thomas and Jane.

Citations

  1. [S388] Website "FamilySearch" (http://www.familysearch.org/) "gs film number: 93877, reference id: v 13 p 343."
  2. [S388] Website "FamilySearch" (http://www.familysearch.org/) "gs film number: 0093874-0093876."
  3. [S67] 1841 Census for England "HO107 piece 565 folio 7/18 page 28."
  4. [S16] 1851 Census for England "HO107 piece 1532 folio 253 page 11."
  5. [S68] 1861 Census for England, "RG09 piece 228 folio 116 page 1."
  6. [S399] Marriage certificate of Thomas Ward and Jane Little, married 9 Jun 1862 in the Registration District of All Hallows London Wall, London, England (GRO Index Ref: Vol 1c Page 135).
  7. [S69] 1871 Census for England, "RG10 piece 5216 folio 10 page 14."
  8. [S70] 1881 Census for England,.
  9. [S412] Will of Jane Little of Carlisle, Cumbria, England, made 3 Apr 1881, proved in the The High Court of Justice, 6 Feb 1888. (Cumbria RO: 1888/105).
  10. [S16] 1851 Census for England.
  11. [S397] Will of Elizabeth Little of Carlisle, Cumbria, England, made 3 Sep 1889, proved in the The High Court of Justice, 24 Aug 1896. (unknown document ref).
  12. [S141] General Register Office: Indexes to Deaths, Sep 1837 - 2006, "Jul-Sep 1896, Carlisle, Vol 10b Page 300, age 68 years."
  13. [S244] Website "Ancestry" (http://www.ancestry.co.uk/) "Ancestry.com. England & Wales, National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations), 1858-1966 [database on-line]."

Florence M Little

Family

Herbert David Brown b. 1880, d. 1962
Marriage*
Florence M Little married Herbert David Brown, son of Charles Adam Brown and Emily Maria Stone, in 1914 at Randwick, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.1 

Citations

  1. [S306] Index to Births, Deaths & Marriages, http://www.bdm.nsw.gov.au/, 1853-1985, compiled by Deaths & Marriages, NSW Registry of Births, unknown compiler address "11970/1914."

Hannah Little

b. circa 1843
FatherJames Little b. 3 Apr 1796
MotherJane Bird b. 3 May 1807
     Hannah Little was born circa 1843 at Kirklinton, Cumberland, England.1 She was the daughter of James Little and Jane Bird.
On 2 April 1871 Hannah Little lived at Dulwath, Hethersgill, Cumberland, England, living with her widowed mother.2

Citations

  1. [S68] 1861 Census for England, "RG09 piece 3912 folio 33 page 6."
  2. [S69] 1871 Census for England, "RG10 piece 5214 folio 28 page 7."

Hannah Little

b. 3 June 1793
FatherWilliam Little b. c 1740, d. b 1813
MotherHannah Watson b. 2 Feb 1765
     Hannah Little was born on 3 June 1793 at Rackbridge, Hethersgill, Cumberland, England; Rack Bridge is in Stapleton parish. The location is at coordinates Latitude 55.028133 (North), Longitude -2.822300 (West).1,2,3,4 She was the daughter of William Little and Hannah Watson.
Hannah Little married Richard Carruthers on 6 July 1819 at Arthuret, Cumberland, England.5
On 7 June 1841 Hannah Little and Richard Carruthers lived at Nook, Arthuret, Cumberland, England.2
On 30 March 1851 Hannah Little and Richard Carruthers lived at Nook, Arthuret, Cumberland, England.6
On 7 April 1861 Hannah Little lived at Low Hallburn, Arthuret, Cumberland, England.3
Hannah Little was a widow, and farmer of 50 acres on 7 April 1861.3
Possible death for Hannah is Apr-Jun 1863, Longtown, Vol 10b Page 266.

Family

Richard Carruthers b. c 1791
Marriage*
Hannah Little married Richard Carruthers on 6 July 1819 at Arthuret, Cumberland, England.5 
Children

Citations

  1. [S412] Will of Jane Little of Carlisle, Cumbria, England, made 3 Apr 1881, proved in the The High Court of Justice, 6 Feb 1888. (Cumbria RO: 1888/105).
  2. [S67] 1841 Census for England "HO107 piece 167 folio 1/7 page 7."
  3. [S68] 1861 Census for England, "RG09 piece 3911 folio 3 page 2."
  4. [S414] Society of Friends (Quakers), Births, Marriages & Deaths, 1578-1841, England (TNA: RG6) RG6 / Piece 1528 / Folio 30 - Register of Births belonging to the Monthly Meetings of Solport and of Carlisle, Cumberland from 1700 to 1785, with a Register of Marriages from 1722 to 1750, and a Register of Burials from 1702 to 1788.
  5. [S388] Website "FamilySearch" (http://www.familysearch.org/) "GS Film number: 1471997, Reference ID: 33."
  6. [S16] 1851 Census for England "HO107 piece 2428 folio 265 page 23."

James Little

b. 3 April 1796
FatherWilliam Little b. c 1740, d. b 1813
MotherHannah Watson b. 2 Feb 1765
     James Little was born on 3 April 1796 at Rackbridge, Hethersgill, Cumberland, England; Rack Bridge is in Stapleton parish. The location is at coordinates Latitude 55.028133 (North), Longitude -2.822300 (West).1,2 He was the son of William Little and Hannah Watson.
James Little is mentioned as an uncle in Jane Little's will made in 1881. It also mentions his wife, widow Jane Little.3
James Little married Jane Bird, daughter of James Bird and Mary Irwin, on 19 July 1838 at Kirklinton, Cumberland, England, both single, parents given as William Little and James Bird.4
Note that the surname Bird appears in the 1881 will of Jane Little.3
James Little was a farmer of 84 acres employing one labourer on 30 March 1851.5
On 30 March 1851 James Little and Jane Bird lived at Dubwath, Hethersgill, Cumberland, England.5
James Little was a farmer of 45 acres employing one man on 7 April 1861.1
On 7 April 1861 James Little and Jane Bird lived at Dubwath, Hethersgill, Cumberland, England, It is close to Kirklinton where James and Jane were married.1
James Little was buried on 28 April 1864 at Kirklinton, Cumberland, England, age 69 years.6
James Little witnessed the will of Jane Little dated 3 April 1881 at Carlisle, Cumberland, England; See source reference for copy of will - not yet transcribed.3

Family

Jane Bird b. 3 May 1807
Marriage*
James Little married Jane Bird, daughter of James Bird and Mary Irwin, on 19 July 1838 at Kirklinton, Cumberland, England, both single, parents given as William Little and James Bird.4 
Children

Citations

  1. [S68] 1861 Census for England, "RG09 piece 3912 folio 33 page 6."
  2. [S414] Society of Friends (Quakers), Births, Marriages & Deaths, 1578-1841, England (TNA: RG6) RG6 / Piece 1528 / Folio 30 - Register of Births belonging to the Monthly Meetings of Solport and of Carlisle, Cumberland from 1700 to 1785, with a Register of Marriages from 1722 to 1750, and a Register of Burials from 1702 to 1788.
  3. [S412] Will of Jane Little of Carlisle, Cumbria, England, made 3 Apr 1881, proved in the The High Court of Justice, 6 Feb 1888. (Cumbria RO: 1888/105).
  4. [S388] Website "FamilySearch" (http://www.familysearch.org/) "GS Film number: 90638."
  5. [S16] 1851 Census for England "HO107 piece 2428 folio 349 page 21."
  6. [S388] Website "FamilySearch" (http://www.familysearch.org/) "GS Film number: 1472355, Reference ID: P176 C-1406."

James Little

b. circa 1847
FatherJames Little b. 3 Apr 1796
MotherJane Bird b. 3 May 1807
     James Little was born circa 1847 at Kirklinton, Cumberland, England.1 He was the son of James Little and Jane Bird.
On 2 April 1871 James Little lived at Dulwath, Hethersgill, Cumberland, England, living with his widowed mother on the farm.2

Citations

  1. [S68] 1861 Census for England, "RG09 piece 3912 folio 33 page 6."
  2. [S69] 1871 Census for England, "RG10 piece 5214 folio 28 page 7."

Jane Little

b. 26 August 1831, d. 21 November 1893
FatherWilliam Little b. 19 Dec 1797, d. b 1881
MotherMary (?)
     Jane Little was born in 1831 at Liverpool, Lancashire, England.
Jane Little was baptized on 26 August 1831 at St Peter's, Liverpool, Lancashire, England, born Moira St, West Derby.1
This baptism is a possibility for our Jane but further work is required. Later census records and her marriage support a birth date of c1833 so there is some grounds for doubt about the 1831 baptism. She was the daughter of William Little and Mary (?)
On 30 March 1851 Jane Little lived at 76 Houndsditch, St Botolph Without, Bishopsgate, London, England.2
Jane Little was a milliner on 7 April 1861.3
On 7 April 1861 Jane Little lived at 37 Camomile St, All Hallows London Wall, London, England.4
Jane Little married Thomas Ward, son of Thomas Ward and Elizabeth Harrison, on 9 June 1862 at All Hallows London Wall, London, England.5
Jane Little and Thomas Ward emigrated circa 1862 to Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. The actual date of arrival has not been found. They were in London for their marriage in 1862 and then appear in Australia in 1864 for the birth of their son Albert Ernest in St Kilda, Victoria.
An article on Taviuni was published in The Argus (Melbourne) on 19 October 1870, and an excerpt is given below:
The plantations of Vuna Point, the principal settlement on the island, are thickly clustered together. The community thus formed, and the immunity from native interference enjoyed through the presence of Tui Thakau, the most powerful chief in the group after Maafu and Thakombau, have made this a favourite district for settlers with families. There are over 100 planters on the island, and 13 white ladies. The land is very rich, the surface being composed almost entirely of scoriae and fine disintegrated rock. It requires very little cultivation, and none but the most primitive agricultural implements are in use. Fijian labour can also be used here, and a magistrate from Mbau lives on the island for the purpose of keeping them in order. They can be fed very cheaply, for the tivoli, or wild yam, grows in the woods, and one man out of every ten is sufficient to procure the necessary daily supply. As a set-off to these advantages, however, the land is very heavily timbered ; a huge spine of mountains, on the top of which there is said to be a fine lake, attracts an undue share of rain, to the occasional injury of the cotton, and the running streams are for the most part subterranean. Vuna Point has had direct shipments from and to Sydney for the last year. A substantial jetty has been erected by Messrs. Wilson, Hamilton, and Co., and there is also an hotel on the Point.6
Jane Little and Thomas Ward emigrated circa 1871 to Taveuni, Fiji. They had a copra plantation there. His occupation on daughter Florence Amelia Ward's marriage certificate is given as planter.
A hurricane struck Taviuni on the 19th and 20th March devestating the cotton crop on nearly all plantations.7
The census of Europeans resident in Taveuni was completed on 28 June 1875 and listed the Ward homestead in Qara Walu, Vuna, Taveuni under the name "Newell and Ward" suggesting that Thomas may have had a business partner living with them on the plantation. A separate list of individuals was completed 20 May 1875 and includes Thomas and Jane Ward, the children Albert, Norman, Florence and Clara, as well as James Newell. There is a James Edward Newell (1852-1910) of the London Missionary Society who became well known for his work in Samoa - maybe there is a connection (although this James Edward Newell, born in Bradford, Yorkshire and trained at the Lancashire Congregatinal College, reportedly left England in 1880, after the census date).
There is only one other family listed in Qara Walu in 1875 and that is the Cazaly family, whose head is Edward Cazaly. Qara Walu is near the southern tip of Taveuni Island, near Vuna Point. After returning to Melbourne c1888, the family named their house "Vuna".8
The 1889 will of Elizabeth Little, sister to Jane, also confirms their late place of residence in Fiji as Qara Walu. Jan Conroy, a descendant of Norman Sinclair Ward, writes:
"The name of the family plantation was “Naqarawalu”. The property now has a road called the Waimarere-Salialevue Road going through it and is in the Vuna district toward the south of the Island. There now appears to be a town called Naqarawalu and if you use Google Earth you can find it. Also from copies of the lease of the property after the death of my Grandfather in Melbourne, it is evident that it was a copra plantation."
Jane Little witnessed the will of Jane Little dated 3 April 1881 at Carlisle, Cumberland, England; See source reference for copy of will - not yet transcribed.9
After Thomas died in 1881, Jane and the children remained in Taveuni for about another six years. Her two sons Albert and Norman would have been nearly 18 and 16 years respectively, so they were probably able to manage in their father's absence given there was plenty of cheap labour available.
Jane and family returned to Melbourne c1888. According to Jane's death certificate, she had spent 17 years in Fiji.10
Jane Little died on 21 November 1893 at "Vuna", Rathmines Road, Hawthorn, Victoria, Australia, at age 62. She died of chronic bronchitis (2 weeks). The informant was her son Albert Ernest Ward who appears to have lived with Jane.10
The following funeral notice appeared in The Argus (Melbourne) on 23 November 1893:
THE Friends of the late Mrs. JANE WARD, relict of the late Thomas Ward of Fiji are most respectfully invited to follow her remains to the place of interment in the Boroondara Cemetery Kew. The funeral will leave her late residence, Vuna, Rathmines road, Auburn, THIS DAY (Thursday), at 3 o'clock. OTTO PREUSS, Undertaker, Burwood-road, Glenferrie. Branches - No 1, Auburn-road, No 2, Camberwell; No 3, Malvern; No 4, Box Hill; No. 5, Surrey Hills; No 6, Lower Hawthorn and Burwood. Telephone No. 7, Hawthorn.11
Jane Little was buried on 23 November 1893 at Boroondara Cemetery, Kew, Victoria, Australia, Grave Location: PRES B 0471, Presbyterian. Buried with Jane is her son Albert Ernest Ward, buried 30 Jan 1899, age 34 years.12
Thomas and Jane's daughter Florence Amelia Ward wrote an article called "Plantation Life in Fiji" sometime after she married George McKAY in 1901. Her address was Colin St, Perth, Western Australia. It is transcribed below:

"Plantation Life in Fiji" by F.A.McK.
Plantation life in Fiji is rather different to plantation life in other countries; Ceylon or India for instance; & yet in many respects it is very similar. A planters life in the South Pacific is free and easy, healthy & interesting. A picturesque spot with a good commanding view is always chosen in which to erect the homestead; often built bungalow fashion (the modern buildings of now-a-days are more like our cottages) in an enclosure of an acre or more ground. The fence around the homestead is generally one of "Moli" (lime or lemon trees). These trees are planted very closely together & are clipped
page 2
every year to keep them short & bushy. They are not allowed to grow more than four feet in height. This fence which is exceedingly pretty, being of a bright rich green, is also a very secure safeguard for the garden and the nearer surroundings of the homestead; as cattle, pigs, etc cannot force their way through on account of the thorns. In front of this "vali" (house) is a beautiful & most luxuriously grown garden full of sweet smelling flowers, croatous, vines & creepers of all discriptions intertwining amongst the shrubs & over rockeries. Then your eye rests on a smooth rich green carpet of couch grass which is used for either a tennis court or croquet lawn. These passtimes being much
page 3
indulged in, in spite of the hot climate. A short distance away are the labour buildings or "Buries"; "Vali Mati" (hospital) (each plantation has by order of government a house set apart for the sick). Work on the plantation generally starts at 6 o'clock A.M., then the planter or overseer musters his men, calls the roll, has a horse brought up from the paddock and saddled, which he mounts & off they go to what-ever direction or directions the work of the day lay. There may be one gang of men planting or preparing land for one kind of product & another gang in another direction cultivating another kind, or perhaps erecting a shelter-shed for a crop of "sila" (maize) or "Uvi"(?) (yams) that is ready to
page 4
be harvested. The planter starts one lot of men going with their days "caka caka" (labour or work) then he rides on to set the next lot to work & gives his instructions, & so on all around till he sees a good start made, riding around in the fresh morning air, his horse brushing the dew from the undergrowth which is very thick, & the dew generally very heavy, - wends his way home with his master lazily sitting in the saddle whistling & thinking about the inner man for it is getting breakfast time. A good substantial meal is put before him, & his family are all up by this time & gathered around the table with a black boy to wait on them. After breakfast there are usually a
page 5
few little things to see about the house, a little gardening to be done, some banana or guava trees to be seen to, or a grenadilla vine to be trained etc. A good deal of fruit is indulged in during the morning, - when one is going through a nice patch of "vundi" (bananas) with yellow bunches hanging here & there it is a great temptation just to try one or two, or a nice ripe pineapple, soursop, mango, or any other of these luscious tropical fruits. Then after a walk round his homestead a lounge in a hammock on the spacious verandah or a little odd job is done, the planter jumps on his horse again & takes another tour around the plantation to see how the work is progressing. Sometimes he has a great deal of trouble with the men, who are very fond of malingering. There
page 6
are different kinds of labour employed on plantations in Fiji, very few planters employ native labour; they generally work the land by Coolies or Polynisians, or, as they are called in Queensland, Kanakas. After he sees that all is going well & has had a good ride around (which is very pleasant, I can speak from experience as I have ridden around about a plantation myself many a time; being a planters daughter) and seen that each man is doing his alotted work, he finds his way home to dinner. After "Kakana" (partaking of food) is over, the planter generally finds he has some business to do at the sea-port or township, which will take him the best part of the afternoon, getting home just in time to see the labour "Knock off" work. Therefore on a
page 7
plantation the planter or overseer is in the saddle most of the day; but there are a great many days when the men have a "tavi" (set task), then the planter is not so much tied; the men know they have to do a certain thing & they put forth their energies to get through it, so the master goes off to enjoy himself, very often in the way of taking his wife, sister or daughter - as the case may be - to spend the afternoon with friends and have afternoon tea & a game of tennis or croquet, or join a riding party, or may be go shooting "songi" or "ruvi" (two different kinds of bush pigeons) which are most delicious eating, very like the English grouse in flavour. Saturday afternoon is often spent by young fellows in taking out the dogs for a pig hunt. This sport is a good deal
page 8
indulged in, as there is plenty of fun & excitement to be got out of it, & sometimes it is very venturesome, I have known a wild boar with great white curling tusks, when bailed up by the dogs, make a desperate dart for liberty dashing between the legs of two young men upsetting them like ninepins; & while these sportsmen were picking themselves up and getting over their surprise, with feelings very much hurt at their undignified positions, the pig made good his escape. The dogs enjoy these hunts quite as much, if not more, than their masters. When the gun is taken down from its place, they dance about yelping, nearly mad with delight at the prospect of a good hunt, often they will go off by themselves & follow up the
page 9
trail of a pig & bail him up for hours in the bush, but if no one comes to their assistance they will wend their way home towards evening very much the worse for their outing, besmeared with blood & probably with a nasty flesh wound, or perhaps some more serious damage such as a broken rib, indeed often our canine members meet with their end in fearless combat with these wild animals. The Kanakas set traps for the "vuaka" (pig) by digging a very deep hole then covering it lightly over with twigs & leaves. The pig innocently enough walks over or endeavours to walk over what he thinks is solid ground; when to his surprise down he goes with a grunt, & there he stays till his trappers come and carry him to their "buri" (house) & enjoy him for supper.
page 10
There are some plantations on which little else but sugar cane is grown. It is a beautiful sight to see acres & acres under cane planted at different times, thereby you may see on one plantation - with a large area under cultivation - sugar cane in all its stages; in one direction a field of young green leaves waving too & fro in the wind, apparently as level as a table, each cane having grown almost to the same height. A little further on a field of what looks like swords held very erect & pointing straight up to the sky, this is cane coming into blossom; in another direction you see the cane in full bloom; this is, I think, the prettiest stage to look upon, the blossom is very light & feathery, very like that of pampas grass only tinged with a
page 11
delicate purple hue - cane is very seldom allowed to grow to this stage as it is redy for crushing before it flowers.
There are other plantations abounding with cocoanut trees. The nuts of which are made into copra & exported. Cattle are bred more extensively on cocoanut plantations than on any other as the animals can roam about among the trees & feed on the undergrowth without damaging the trees. And there are other planters who go in for a little of everything such as maize, yams, bananas, pine-apples etc & often breed cattle, pigs, etc.
The busiest time of a planters life is when the
page 12
crops are ready for gathering & he is exporting fruit or otherwise disposing of his products. Home life on a plantation in Fiji is perhaps a little monotonous. Apart from the family interests there is little else to occupy oneself with when the days work is over. There being no evening amusements except what may be got up by a few energetic people, such as a local concert & perhaps a dance afterwards, or a card & supper party, music evenings, and such like. There are no streets for the gentler set to parade in, & show off the latest fashion, or gaily decorated shop windows on which to flatten ones nose. A large general store is more
page 13
to the purpose; which, from the outside appearance is a great barn, but the interior presents a more pleasing aspect, & you can purchase almost every thing you want, from a needle to an anchor.
Children on Plantations generally have a good long walk or ride to school; & if there is no school at a get-at-able distance then lessons are heard at home. The mother has plenty to do in looking after her house-hold duties & her children, as there are no European maids employed on the plantations, except perhaps a governess sometimes. The domestics are all Kanakas or Coolies, & make very good
page 14
servants when well trained; but it is very trying and tedious work training them. A planters life in Fiji is on the whole one of ease and comfort, but I have not now space to expand on these advantages.
(Transcribed by Geoffrey Barber c1987, original held by Julitha Barber, great granddaughter of Florence McKay (nee Ward), Perth Western Australia.)

Family

Thomas Ward b. 6 Apr 1831, d. 25 Dec 1881
Marriage*
Jane Little married Thomas Ward, son of Thomas Ward and Elizabeth Harrison, on 9 June 1862 at All Hallows London Wall, London, England.5 
Children

Citations

  1. [S388] Website "FamilySearch" (http://www.familysearch.org/) "gs film number: 1656420, reference id: p265."
  2. [S16] 1851 Census for England "HO107 piece 1524 folio 692 page 51."
  3. [S68] 1861 Census for England,.
  4. [S68] 1861 Census for England, "Class: RG 9; Piece: 228; Folio: 12; Page: 19;."
  5. [S399] Marriage certificate of Thomas Ward and Jane Little, married 9 Jun 1862 in the Registration District of All Hallows London Wall, London, England (GRO Index Ref: Vol 1c Page 135).
  6. [S297] Webpage The Argus (Melbourne) (http://trove.nla.gov.au/) "1870 'THE FIJI ISLANDS.', The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), 19 October, p. 6, viewed 19 March, 2013, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article5836433."
  7. [S405] Webpage The Empire (Sydney) (http://trove.nla.gov.au/) "1871 'LATER NEWS FKOM FIJI.', Empire (Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1875), 4 May, p. 3, viewed 19 March, 2013, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60871701."
  8. [S404] Rondo B. B. Me, "Kaivalagi ni Viti: Census of Europeans Resident in Fiji 1874-5", Max Marketing and Publishing Ltd, First Edition (2003) unknown isbn.
  9. [S412] Will of Jane Little of Carlisle, Cumbria, England, made 3 Apr 1881, proved in the The High Court of Justice, 6 Feb 1888. (Cumbria RO: 1888/105).
  10. [S401] Death certificate of Jane Ward, died 21 Nov 1893, registered 22 Nov 1893 in the Registration District of Hawthorn, Victoria, Australia (Reference no: 14436/1893).
  11. [S297] Webpage The Argus (Melbourne) (http://trove.nla.gov.au/) "1893 'Family Notices.', The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956), 23 November, p. 1, viewed 14 March, 2013, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8713262."
  12. [S398] Website "Boroondara General Cemetery" (http://www.kewcemetery.com.au/).

Jane Little

b. 8 May 1824, d. 22 December 1887
FatherJohn Little b. 13 Dec 1782, d. 1 Dec 1848
MotherElizabeth Wigham b. 26 Feb 1787, d. 31 Jul 1830
     Jane Little was born on 8 May 1824 at Carlisle, Cumberland, England; (non conformist indexes.)1 She was the daughter of John Little and Elizabeth Wigham.
Jane Little witnessed the will of John Little dated 12 May 1836 at Carlisle, Cumberland, England.2
On 30 March 1851 Jane Little and Mary Wigham lived at 4 Earl St, Rickergate, Carlisle, Cumberland, England.3
Jane Little witnessed the will of Mary Little dated 1 July 1860 at Carlisle, Cumberland, England; See source reference for copy of will - not yet transcribed.4
On 7 April 1861 Jane Little and Mary Wigham lived at Hartington Place, Rickergate, Carlisle, Cumberland, England.5
Jane Little was a proprietor of railway shares on 7 April 1861.5
Jane Little witnessed the probate of the estate of Mary Wigham on 12 August 1870 at Carlisle, Cumberland, England; The Will of Mary Wigham late of Hartington Place in the City of Carlisle Spinster deceased who died 31 July 1870 at Hartington Place aforesaid was proved at Carlisle by the affirmations of Jane Little of Hartington Place aforesaid Spinster the Niece and Thomas Blair of the City aforesaid Tea Dealer the Executors. Effects under 2,000 pounds.6
Jane Little left a will made on 3 April 1881 at Carlisle, Cumberland, England: See source reference for copy of will - not yet transcribed.7
Jane Little died on 22 December 1887 at Carlisle, Cumberland, England, at age 63. (from probate record.)
Her estate was probated on 6 February 1888 at Carlisle, Cumberland, England, The will of Jane Little late of Hartington Place in the City of Carlisle Spinster who died 22 December 1887 at Hartington Place was proved at Carlisle by Thomas Blair of Carlisle Gentleman Jane Walker (wife of Jonathan Walker) of Eccles near Manchester in the County of Lancaster and Alexander McDougall the Younger of Gore House Greenheys Manchester Retired Manufacturing Chemist the Executors. Personal Estate 18,707 pounds 8s 7d. Resworn June 1888 19,570 pounds 7s 1d.6

Citations

  1. [S388] Website "FamilySearch" (http://www.familysearch.org/) "affiliate publication number: RG6_0382."
  2. [S402] Will of John Little of Carlisle, Cumbria, England, made 12 May 1836, proved in the The High Court of Justice, 5 Feb 1849. (unknown document ref).
  3. [S16] 1851 Census for England "HO107 piece 2430 folio 226 page 24."
  4. [S411] Will of Mary Little of Carlisle, Cumbria, England, made 1 Jul 1860, proved in the The High Court of Justice, 7 Sep 1860. (Cumbria RO: 1860/861).
  5. [S68] 1861 Census for England, "Class: RG 9; Piece: 3919; Folio: 72; Page: 23; GSU roll: 543206."
  6. [S244] Website "Ancestry" (http://www.ancestry.co.uk/) "Ancestry.com. England & Wales, National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations), 1858-1966 [database on-line]."
  7. [S412] Will of Jane Little of Carlisle, Cumbria, England, made 3 Apr 1881, proved in the The High Court of Justice, 6 Feb 1888. (Cumbria RO: 1888/105).

Jane Little

b. 22 January 1788
FatherWilliam Little b. c 1740, d. b 1813
MotherHannah Watson b. 2 Feb 1765
     Jane Little was born on 22 January 1788 at Lonrigg Thorn, Cumberland, England; in Irthington parish.1,2 She was the daughter of William Little and Hannah Watson.
There is another birth record for Jane giving date of birth as 27 January 1788 in records for the Society of Friends.

Citations

  1. [S388] Website "FamilySearch" (http://www.familysearch.org/) "gs film number: 815971, reference id: 30."
  2. [S414] Society of Friends (Quakers), Births, Marriages & Deaths, 1578-1841, England (TNA: RG6) RG6 / Piece 1528 / Folio 30 - Register of Births belonging to the Monthly Meetings of Solport and of Carlisle, Cumberland from 1700 to 1785, with a Register of Marriages from 1722 to 1750, and a Register of Burials from 1702 to 1788.

Jane Little

b. circa 1844
FatherJames Little b. 3 Apr 1796
MotherJane Bird b. 3 May 1807
     Jane Little was born circa 1844 at Kirklinton, Cumberland, England.1 She was the daughter of James Little and Jane Bird.
On 7 April 1861 Jane Little lived at Dubwath, Hethersgill, Cumberland, England, with her parents and family on the farm.1
Jane Little married James Bird on 27 October 1870 at Kirklinton, Cumberland, England.2
On 2 April 1871 Jane Little and James Bird lived at Whinnybrow, Stapleton, Cumberland, England.3

Family

James Bird b. c 1846
Marriage*
Jane Little married James Bird on 27 October 1870 at Kirklinton, Cumberland, England.2 

Citations

  1. [S68] 1861 Census for England, "RG09 piece 3912 folio 33 page 6."
  2. [S388] Website "FamilySearch" (http://www.familysearch.org/) "GS Film number: 1472355, Reference ID: p105 C-209."
  3. [S69] 1871 Census for England, "RG10 piece 5212 folio 9 page 11."

John Little

b. 13 December 1782, d. 1 December 1848
FatherWilliam Little b. c 1740, d. b 1813
MotherHannah Watson b. 2 Feb 1765
     John Little was born on 13 December 1782 at Laversdale, Cumberland, England; Witnesses: Mary Watson and Betty Kindred.1,2,3,4 He was the son of William Little and Hannah Watson.
John Little's birth was recorded at the monthly meeting of the quakers, who recorded births but did not baptise. It appears that his birth was recorded at a number of different meetings, and the actual day of his birth is given variously as 13 Dec, 14 Dec and 30 Dec. The 13 Dec 1782 is the most frequent. All the records show that he was born at Laversdale in the parish of Irthington to parents William and Hannah Little.5
On 31 May June 1808 John Little was give permission to bury his grandfather, James Watson, at Thornyland, the site of a Quaker Meeting House. Thornyland is in the parish of Stapleton and the meeting house (now a Grade II listed property) can be located at coordinates Latitude 55.056575 (North), Longitude -2.8502573 (West).
John Little witnessed the burial of James Watson on 3 June 1808 at Thornyland, Stapleton, Cumberland, England; age 90 years, abode: Square.6
On 24 November 1813 John Little lived at Carlisle, Cumberland, England.7
John Little married Elizabeth Wigham, daughter of William Wigham and Jane Harding, on 24 November 1813 at Wigton, Cumberland, England, parents given as William and Hannah Little, and William and Jane Wigham. The marriage was performed at a Quaker meeting house in Wigton.8,9,10,11
John Little was a schoolmaster on 24 November 1813.7
The marriage also occurs in non-conformist record indexes as having occured in Holme, Cumberland. We know they were Quakers and there is a Quaker Meeting House in Wigton. Wikepedia has the following information which may explain the Holme/Wigton issue: Abbeytown, also known as Holme Abbey, is a village in Cumbria, England. It was built around the former Cistercian Holmcultram Abbey, the nave of the church of which now serves the parish as St. Mary's Church. ...... The village is located on the main Wigton to Silloth road and has a small range of local amenities including a pub, post office and two small shops. The buildings in the village mostly date from either the medieval period, especially those associated with the former abbey, the Victorian era, where much of the village was concerned with the railway line to Silloth or more recently when a large number of houses were built at "Friars Garth". The village is located on the edge of the Solway Coast area of outstanding natural beauty and the Cumbria Coastal Way passes through the village.12
John Little was a schoolmaster in 1836.13
John Little left a will made on 12 May 1836 at Carlisle, Cumberland, England.13
This is the last Will and Testament of me John Little of Earl Street in the City of Carlisle School Master being of sound and disposing mind memory and understanding viz. I give and devise unto my daughter Mary all my Freehold Estates Lands Messuages Tenements and Hereditaments with all their appurtenances and to her heirs and assigns for ever Also as an equivalent I give and bequeath unto my daughter Jane the sum of Twelve hundred pounds to be paid to her by my after named Executrix when my said Daughter Jane shall have attained the age of twenty one years I give and bequeath to my sister in law Mary Wigham the sum of nineteen pounds and nineteen shillings to be paid to her at the expiration of twelve months after my decease And after payment of all my just debts and my funeral and testamentary expenses. I give and bequeath all the residue of my Estate and Effects whatsoever and wheresoever unto and equally between my said two daughters one moiety of such residue with any accumulation of the interest thereof and of the interest of the former Bequest to her to be paid to my said Daughter Jane on her arriving at twenty one years of age such interest not withstanding to be applicable to her maintenance and education during her minority and should my said daughter Jane happen to die before attaining the age of twenty one years and leave lawful issue my Will is that such Issue shall be entitled to the portion herein bequeathed to her and I give and bequeath the same in equal shares accordingly Also I hereby nominate and appoint my said daughter Mary sole Executrix of this my last Will and Testament to which I have set my hand and seal the twelfth day of May in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty six --- JOHN LITTLE -- Signed Sealed published and declared by the said John Little as and for his las Will and Testament in the prescence of us who in his prescence at his request and in the prescence of each other have hereunto subscribed our names as Witnesses -- Mary Cartner -- Elizabeth Mulcaster -- Robert Mulcaster
Effects under 8,000 proved 5th February 1849 by Mary Little the Executrix
Note in margin: The Deceased having effects in divers Dioceses his original will was transmitted by virtue (........?) to the Perogagtive Court of York on the 25th day of April 1849 that the same might be proved in the said Court.
(Transcribed by Geoffrey Barber, March 2013.)13
On 7 June 1841 John Little lived at Earl Street, Carlisle, Cumberland, England, with daughters Mary and Jane, and sister in law Mary Wigham who is listed as a female servant. Another person, James Boustead(?) age 55 years, also seems to be living with them but there is no occupation for him.14
John Little was an accountant on 7 June 1841.14
John Little died on 1 December 1848 at Carlisle, Cumberland, England, at age 65.15
His estate was probated on 5 February 1849 at Carlisle, Cumberland, England, Effects under 8,000 pounds.13

Family

Elizabeth Wigham b. 26 Feb 1787, d. 31 Jul 1830
Marriage*
John Little married Elizabeth Wigham, daughter of William Wigham and Jane Harding, on 24 November 1813 at Wigton, Cumberland, England, parents given as William and Hannah Little, and William and Jane Wigham. The marriage was performed at a Quaker meeting house in Wigton.8,9,10,11
Children

Citations

  1. [S388] Website "FamilySearch" (http://www.familysearch.org/) "gs film number: 815971, reference id: 30."
  2. [S414] Society of Friends (Quakers), Births, Marriages & Deaths, 1578-1841, England (TNA: RG6) RG6 / Piece 475 / Folio 0 - Register of Births for the Monthly Meeting of Carlisle, Cumberland from 1776 to 1794 - Birth Date 13 Dec 1782.
  3. [S414] Society of Friends (Quakers), Births, Marriages & Deaths, 1578-1841, England (TNA: RG6) RG6 / Piece 1402 / 17 - Register of Births belonging to the Monthly Meeting of Kirklington, Cumberland from 1666 to 1819, with a Register of Marriages from 1673 to 1683, and a Register of Burials from 1674 to 1798 - Birth Date 14 Dec 1782.
  4. [S414] Society of Friends (Quakers), Births, Marriages & Deaths, 1578-1841, England (TNA: RG6) RG6 / Piece 1528 / Folio 30 - Register of Births belonging to the Monthly Meetings of Solport and of Carlisle, Cumberland from 1700 to 1785, with a Register of Marriages from 1722 to 1750, and a Register of Burials from 1702 to 1788.
  5. [S414] Society of Friends (Quakers), Births, Marriages & Deaths, 1578-1841, England (TNA: RG6) RG6 / Piece 475 / Folio 0 - Register of Births for the Monthly Meeting of Carlisle, Cumberland from 1776 to 1794.
  6. [S414] Society of Friends (Quakers), Births, Marriages & Deaths, 1578-1841, England (TNA: RG6) RG6 / Piece 464 / Folio 107 - Register of Burials belonging to the Quarterly Meeting of Cumberland and Northumberland from 1800 to 1810.
  7. [S414] Society of Friends (Quakers), Births, Marriages & Deaths, 1578-1841, England (TNA: RG6) RG6 / Piece 1155 / Folio 40 - Register of Marriages for the Quarterly Meeting of Cumberland and Northumberland from 1795 to 1837.
  8. [S388] Website "FamilySearch" (http://www.familysearch.org/) "gs film number: 815959, reference id: 40."
  9. [S388] Website "FamilySearch" (http://www.familysearch.org/) "gs film number: 815967, reference id: 18."
  10. [S388] Website "FamilySearch" (http://www.familysearch.org/) "affiliate publication number: RG6_0022."
  11. [S414] Society of Friends (Quakers), Births, Marriages & Deaths, 1578-1841, England (TNA: RG6).
  12. [S137] Website "Wikipedia" (http://en.wikipedia.org/) "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abbeytown."
  13. [S402] Will of John Little of Carlisle, Cumbria, England, made 12 May 1836, proved in the The High Court of Justice, 5 Feb 1849. (unknown document ref).
  14. [S67] 1841 Census for England "HO107 piece 176 folio 8/16 page 26."
  15. [S141] General Register Office: Indexes to Deaths, Sep 1837 - 2006, "Oct-Dec 1848, Carlisle, Vol 25 Page 46."