Mary Cox

b. 22 October 1731

Parents:

Father: Thomas Cox b. c 1715, d. 1731
Mother: Mary White d. 1771
Last Edited: 21 May 2019
  • Birth: Mary Cox was born in 1731 at Keymer, Sussex, England.
  • Baptism*: Mary Cox was baptized on 22 October 1731 at St Cosmos & St Damian, Keymer, Sussex, England.1
  • She was the daughter of Thomas Cox and Mary White.
  • Anecdote*: Note: An alternative baptism for Mary Cox is bap. Oct 1736 (day illegible) daughter of Henry Cox and Mary Watford at Chailey. This would explain their first born being named Henry. Note: Henry Cox married Mary Watford 10 Apr 1734 at Wivelsfield (Mary of Chailey). The family of Henry and Mary appear to have moved to Uckfield and there is an illegitimate birth in 1764 where the mother is Mary Cox, which may account for this person. Needs further work so treat as a work in progress. .1,2
  • Marriage*: Mary Cox married John Wickens, son of John Wickens and Elizabeth Parker, on 29 July 1753 at Clayton, Sussex, England, John "of Keymer" and Mary "same", surname spelt WICKENS.2,3
  • Married Name: As of 29 July 1753, her married name was Wickens.

Family:

John Wickens b. 2 Jul 1732, d. 1810

Children:

Henry Wickens b. 2 Dec 1753, d. 1754
John Wickens+ b. 19 Mar 1756
Thomas Wickens b. c 1758, d. 1846
Mary Wickens b. c 1760
Lucy Wickens b. c 1762
Elizabeth Wickens b. 1763
Richard Wickens+ b. 30 Jul 1769, d. Nov 1824
Sarah Wickens b. 22 Sep 1771
Jane Wickens b. 7 Aug 1774
Lydia Wickens+ b. 28 Dec 1777, d. 1867

Citations

  1. [S23] Online Index to Baptisms, 1538 onwards, compiled by Sussex Family History Group, http://www.sfhg.org.uk/, ongoing project,.
  2. [S24] Index to Marriages, 1538-1837, Compact Disc SFHGCD003, compiled by Sussex Family History Group, 2008.
  3. [S278] Transcript of the Parish Register of Clayton, Sussex, England, 1601 - 1840 (ESRO: WST/3/5).

Sarah Wickens

b. 22 September 1771

Parents:

Father: John Wickens b. 2 Jul 1732, d. 1810
Mother: Mary Cox b. 22 Oct 1731
Last Edited: 3 Jan 2014

Citations

  1. [S23] Online Index to Baptisms, 1538 onwards, compiled by Sussex Family History Group, http://www.sfhg.org.uk/, ongoing project,.

Jane Wickens

b. 7 August 1774

Parents:

Father: John Wickens b. 2 Jul 1732, d. 1810
Mother: Mary Cox b. 22 Oct 1731
Last Edited: 4 Mar 2018

Family:

Edward Eager b. c 1770
  • Marriage*: Jane Wickens married Edward Eager on 26 May 1794 at Clayton, Sussex, England, Marriage banns at Keymer 22, 29 July and 5 August 1793. Both are of "this parish". Witnesses John Wickens and James Geer.2,3

Citations

  1. [S23] Online Index to Baptisms, 1538 onwards, compiled by Sussex Family History Group, http://www.sfhg.org.uk/, ongoing project,.
  2. [S24] Index to Marriages, 1538-1837, Compact Disc SFHGCD003, compiled by Sussex Family History Group, 2008.
  3. [S278] Transcript of the Parish Register of Clayton, Sussex, England, 1601 - 1840 (ESRO: WST/3/5).

Lydia Wickens

b. 28 December 1777, d. 1867

Parents:

Father: John Wickens b. 2 Jul 1732, d. 1810
Mother: Mary Cox b. 22 Oct 1731
Last Edited: 19 Dec 2019

Family:

John Jupp b. c 1775

Child:

Sarah Jupp+ b. c 1803, d. 1886

Citations

  1. [S23] Online Index to Baptisms, 1538 onwards, compiled by Sussex Family History Group, http://www.sfhg.org.uk/, ongoing project,.
  2. [S24] Index to Marriages, 1538-1837, Compact Disc SFHGCD003, compiled by Sussex Family History Group, 2008.
  3. [S16] 1851 Census for England.

Henry Humphries

b. 14 September 1788, d. 8 July 1860

Parents:

Mother: Elizabeth Knibb b. 17 Jan 1760, d. 16 Sep 1842
Last Edited: 25 Mar 2018
  • Birth: Henry Humphries was born in 1788 at Whitfield, Northamptonshire, England.1
  • Baptism*: Henry Humphries was baptized on 14 September 1788 at Whitfield, Northamptonshire, England.
  • He was the son of Elizabeth Knibb.
  • Anecdote*: He was the illegitimate son of Elizabeth Knibbs who was married to a Humphreys/Humphries but her husband had left her. She assumed her old surname "Knibb".1
  • Marriage*: Henry Humphries married Diana Lines, daughter of William Lines and Sarah Tomson, on 9 October 1811 at Turweston, Buckinghamshire, England, surname spelt HUMPHRIES.
  • Anecdote*: Witnesses to the marriage were William Durrant and Ann Foxley. Patricia Armstrong writes "William Durant married Ann Foxley in 1812. It was stated he came from Whitfield Northamptonshire. William Durrant's mother was Henry's aunt Susannah Knibb of Whitfield Northamptonshire (sister to Henry's mother Elizabeth) and his father Philip Durrant - they were married 4 Oct 1786 at Whitfield."
  • Anecdote: The transcript of Rose Hannah Humphries' removal order from Eastbourne to Finmere, 8 Aug 1864, states that Henry Humphries married Diana VINES (not LINES).1
  • Anecdote: In 1814 Henry, Diana and their two children William and Sarah were removed from Whitfield to Finmere where he served as parish constable and overseer.1
  • Anecdote: The book “The Millennium History of Finmere” by the Finmere and Little Tingewick Historical Society (2001) (ISBN 0 9533253 1 8) has a map at the end of chapter 4 showing houses & tenants in 1840. It shows where Henry Knibbs lived. He is called Henry Knibbs on the map, but Henry Humphreys on his son Benjamin’s wedding record.2
  • (Witness) Marriage: Henry Humphries witnessed the marriage of Benjamin Humphries and Elizabeth Bull on 1 June 1841 at Tingewick, Buckinghamshire, England.3
  • Occupation*: Henry Humphries was a labourer on 1 June 1841.4
  • Residence: On 7 June 1841 Henry Humphries lived at Finmere, Oxfordshire, England, surname KNIBBS.4
  • Anecdote: Henry is living with his sons Nathan and George and appears to be a widower although it is not stated. His neighbour is a John Paxton, agriculural labourer. This is interesting as Henry's son, Benjamin Humphries is said (in George Meek's book) to have moved to the neighbourhood of Eastbourne in Sussex with a farmer named Paxton who had taken a farm in Willingdon (see more details under Benjamin Humphries).5,4
  • Residence*: On 30 March 1851 Henry Humphries lived at Finmere, Oxfordshire, England, surname KNIBBS.6
  • Anecdote: In the 1851 census for Finmere, Henry KNIBBS is a visitor with the family of William and Catherine Clifton. He is a widower, aged 64 years and gives his place of birth as Whitfield, Northamptonshire.6
  • Death*: Henry Humphries died on 8 July 1860 at Little Tingewick, Buckinghamshire, England, at age 71. Surname HUMPHREYS KNIBBS. Cause of death was serous apoplexy (stroke).7
  • Anecdote: An inquest into the death was held 9 July 1860 according to the death certificate.
  • Burial*: Henry Humphries was buried on 10 July 1860 at Finmere, Buckinghamshire, England, age 72 years.
  • Anecdote: In an 1864 settlement examination, Henry's son Benjamin states that his father received parish relief on one occasion from the Buckenham Union on account of an accident he received on the Railway.1

Family:

Diana Lines b. 1 Dec 1793, d. 1833

Children:

William Humphries otherwise Knibbs+ b. 1812, d. 1889
Sarah Humphreys otherwise Knibbs+ b. 1813
Alice Humphries otherwise Knibbs b. 1816, d. 1817
Benjamin Humphries+ b. 15 Oct 1820, d. 4 Oct 1878
Nathan Humphries b. 23 Mar 1823
George Knibbs Humphress+ b. c 1832, d. 1909

Citations

  1. [S526] Settlement Examination & Removal Order for Rose Hannah Humphries and her illegitimate son Benjamin Henry (8 months) from Eastbourne to Finmere, 9 Aug 1864. (ESRO:DE/B 26/71).
  2. [S75] Andrew Boddington ed. "The Millenium History of Finmere", Finmere and Little Tingewick Historical Society, First Edition (30 Jun 2001).
  3. [S49] Marriage certificate of Benjamin Humphreys and Elizabeth Bull, married 1 Jun 1841 in the Registration District of Buckingham, Buckinghamshire, England (GRO Index Ref: Vol 6 Page 523).
  4. [S67] 1841 Census for England "Class: HO107; Piece: 885; Book: 13; Civil Parish: Finmere; County: Oxfordshire; Enumeration District: 7; Folio: 5; Page: 5; Line: 12;."
  5. [S76] George Meek, "George Meek, Bath Chair-Man, By Himself", Constable & Co. Ltd., First Edition (1910).
  6. [S16] 1851 Census for England "Class: HO107; Piece: 1735; Page: 4; GSU roll: 87690."
  7. [S522] Death certificate of Henry Humphreys Knibbs, died 8 Jul 1860, registered 17 Jul 1860 in the Registration District of Tingewick, Buckingham, England (GRO Index Ref: Vol 3a Page 283).

Diana Lines

b. 1 December 1793, d. 1833

Parents:

Father: William Lines b. 16 Apr 1754, d. 1834
Mother: Sarah Tomson b. c 1756, d. 1825
Last Edited: 25 Mar 2018
  • Birth: Diana Lines was born in 1793 at Chipping Warden, Northamptonshire, England.
  • Baptism*: Diana Lines was baptized on 1 December 1793 at Chipping Warden, Northamptonshire, England, surname spelt "Lynes."
  • She was the daughter of William Lines and Sarah Tomson.
  • Marriage*: Diana Lines married Henry Humphries, son of Elizabeth Knibb, on 9 October 1811 at Turweston, Buckinghamshire, England, surname spelt HUMPHRIES.
  • Married Name: As of 9 October 1811, her married name was Humphries.
  • Anecdote*: Witnesses to the marriage were William Durrant and Ann Foxley. Patricia Armstrong writes "William Durant married Ann Foxley in 1812. It was stated he came from Whitfield Northamptonshire. William Durrant's mother was Henry's aunt Susannah Knibb of Whitfield Northamptonshire (sister to Henry's mother Elizabeth) and his father Philip Durrant - they were married 4 Oct 1786 at Whitfield."
  • Anecdote: The transcript of Rose Hannah Humphries' removal order from Eastbourne to Finmere, 8 Aug 1864, states that Henry Humphries married Diana VINES (not LINES).1
  • Anecdote: In 1814 Henry, Diana and their two children William and Sarah were removed from Whitfield to Finmere where he served as parish constable and overseer.1
  • Death*: Diana Lines died in 1833 at Finmere, Oxfordshire, England.
  • Burial*: Diana Lines was buried on 25 October 1833 at Finmere, Oxfordshire, England, "Hannah Nibbs, 43 years."
  • Anecdote*: Patricia writes: "A Hannah Nibbs was buried at Finmere on 25 Oct 1833 aged 43. A Henry and Hannah Nibbs were the parents of Sarah Nibbs in 1813 at Whitfield. Did Diana use Hannah as her name?"

Family:

Henry Humphries b. 14 Sep 1788, d. 8 Jul 1860

Children:

William Humphries otherwise Knibbs+ b. 1812, d. 1889
Sarah Humphreys otherwise Knibbs+ b. 1813
Alice Humphries otherwise Knibbs b. 1816, d. 1817
Benjamin Humphries+ b. 15 Oct 1820, d. 4 Oct 1878
Nathan Humphries b. 23 Mar 1823
George Knibbs Humphress+ b. c 1832, d. 1909

Citations

  1. [S526] Settlement Examination & Removal Order for Rose Hannah Humphries and her illegitimate son Benjamin Henry (8 months) from Eastbourne to Finmere, 9 Aug 1864. (ESRO:DE/B 26/71).

Nathan Humphries

b. 23 March 1823

Parents:

Father: Henry Humphries b. 14 Sep 1788, d. 8 Jul 1860
Mother: Diana Lines b. 1 Dec 1793, d. 1833
Last Edited: 31 Dec 2013

John Wenham

b. 3 June 1729

Parents:

Father: Edward Wenham b. 17 Oct 1702, d. 1785
Mother: Hannah Vine b. c 1705, d. 1761
Last Edited: 17 Sep 2020
  • Birth*: John Wenham was born on 3 June 1729 at Sussex, England.
  • He was the son of Edward Wenham and Hannah Vine.
  • Baptism: John Wenham was baptized on 7 May 1749 at Hellingly, Sussex, England, John's adult baptism is recorded thus: 1749, May 7th baptised John son of Edward and Hannah Wenham born 3 June 1729 and the same day Anne, daughter of the said Edward and Hannah aged 18 on 15 May 1749 and William, son of the above aged 15 on 12 April 1749.
  • Anecdote*: Note that there is a burial of a John Wenham, son of Edward and his wife, on 3 Mar 1730 at Hellingly. This is confusing given the adult baptism above. Needs further work.1

Citations

  1. [S25] Online Index to Burials, 1538 onwards, compiled by Sussex Family History Group, http://www.sfhg.org.uk/, ongoing project,.

William Wenham

b. 12 April 1734, d. 1807

Parents:

Father: Edward Wenham b. 17 Oct 1702, d. 1785
Mother: Hannah Vine b. c 1705, d. 1761
Last Edited: 17 Sep 2020

Family:

Frances French d. 1795

Children:

William Wenham+ b. 28 Nov 1756
Hannah Wenham b. 19 Aug 1759
John Wenham b. 29 Jan 1763

Citations

  1. [S24] Index to Marriages, 1538-1837, Compact Disc SFHGCD003, compiled by Sussex Family History Group, 2008.
  2. [S25] Online Index to Burials, 1538 onwards, compiled by Sussex Family History Group, http://www.sfhg.org.uk/, ongoing project,.

Joseph Wenham

b. 21 March 1741, d. 1819

Parents:

Father: Edward Wenham b. 17 Oct 1702, d. 1785
Mother: Hannah Vine b. c 1705, d. 1761
Last Edited: 17 Sep 2020

Citations

  1. [S25] Online Index to Burials, 1538 onwards, compiled by Sussex Family History Group, http://www.sfhg.org.uk/, ongoing project,.

Sarah Wenham

b. 18 September 1745

Parents:

Father: Edward Wenham b. 17 Oct 1702, d. 1785
Mother: Hannah Vine b. c 1705, d. 1761
Last Edited: 20 Apr 2011

Henry Wenham

b. 25 May 1749, d. 1770

Parents:

Father: Edward Wenham b. 17 Oct 1702, d. 1785
Mother: Hannah Vine b. c 1705, d. 1761
Last Edited: 14 May 2016

Citations

  1. [S25] Online Index to Burials, 1538 onwards, compiled by Sussex Family History Group, http://www.sfhg.org.uk/, ongoing project, "son of Edward."

Hannah Wenham

b. 9 November 1751, d. 1812

Parents:

Father: Edward Wenham b. 17 Oct 1702, d. 1785
Mother: Hannah Vine b. c 1705, d. 1761
Last Edited: 17 Sep 2020
  • Birth: Hannah Wenham was born in 1751 at Hellingly, Sussex, England.
  • Baptism*: Hannah Wenham was baptized on 9 November 1751 at Hellingly, Sussex, England.
  • She was the daughter of Edward Wenham and Hannah Vine.
  • Marriage Bann*: Marriage banns for Hannah Wenham and John Gladman were published in December 1773 at Laughton, Sussex, England. 26 Dec 1773, 2 Jan 1774 and 16 Jan 1774.1
  • Married Name: As of December 1773, her married name was Gladman.
  • Anecdote*: There is no record of a subsequent marriage (which doesn't mean it didn't happen). Previous research puts one of the banns dates as 26.12.1773 with both "of Laughton". Although no marriage record has been found, there is a baptism 19.5.1776 of John, son of John and Hannah at Laughton (but no others).
    There is also the burial of a Hannah Gladman, widow, on 26 Aug 1812 in Hailsham. All this indicates that Hannah was a real person.
  • Death*: Hannah Wenham died in 1812 at Hailsham, Sussex, England.
  • Burial*: Hannah Wenham was buried on 26 August 1812 at Hailsham, Sussex, England, widow.2

Family 1:

John Gladman b. 24 Sep 1749, d. 1789

Child:

John Gladman b. 19 May 1776

Family 2:

Children:

Mary Wenham b. 17 Feb 1774
James Weller Gladman b. 1 Nov 1791

Citations

  1. [S24] Index to Marriages, 1538-1837, Compact Disc SFHGCD003, compiled by Sussex Family History Group, 2008.
  2. [S25] Online Index to Burials, 1538 onwards, compiled by Sussex Family History Group, http://www.sfhg.org.uk/, ongoing project, "widow."

Thomas Bull

b. 15 July 1771, d. 7 January 1855

Parents:

Father: James Bull b. c 1730
Mother: Ann Sutton b. c 1745
Last Edited: 2 Aug 2018

Family 1:

Alice Taylor b. 1776, d. c 1812

Children:

James Bull b. 22 Apr 1798, d. 1798
Elizabeth Bull b. 21 Mar 1800, d. 1800
Philippa Bull b. 29 Aug 1801

Family 2:

Martha Bandy b. 4 Feb 1781, d. 10 Jun 1860

Children:

Thomas Bandy+ b. 1808, d. 18 Feb 1896
Richard Bull+ b. 29 Aug 1813, d. 23 Jun 1883
Hannah Bull b. 29 Aug 1815, d. 1833
Elizabeth Bull+ b. 28 Dec 1816, d. 18 Apr 1849
Lucy Bull b. 17 Dec 1819, d. 15 Sep 1887

Citations

  1. [S16] 1851 Census for England "Class: HO107; Piece: 1724; Folio: 362; Page: 3; GSU roll: 193633."
  2. [S244] Website "Ancestry" (http://www.ancestry.co.uk/) "Northamptonshire Record Office; Northampton, England; Register Type: Parish Registers; Reference Numbers: 162P/3. Original data: Northamptonshire Anglican Parish Registers and Bishop’s Transcripts. Textual records. Northamptonshire Record Office, Northampton, England."
  3. [S49] Marriage certificate of Benjamin Humphreys and Elizabeth Bull, married 1 Jun 1841 in the Registration District of Buckingham, Buckinghamshire, England (GRO Index Ref: Vol 6 Page 523).
  4. [S67] 1841 Census for England "Class: HO107; Piece: 44; Book: 29; Civil Parish: Tingewick; County: Buckinghamshire; Enumeration District: 1; Folio: 14; Page: 23; Line: 1;."
  5. [S67] 1841 Census for England "Class: HO107; Piece: 44; Book: 29; Civil Parish: Tingewick; County: Buckinghamshire; Enumeration District: 1; Folio: 14; Page: 23; Line: 1;."
  6. [S746] Death certificate of Thomas Bull, died 7 Jan 1855, registered 8 Jan 1855 in the Registration District of Buckingham (GRO Index Ref: Vol 3a Page 383).

Martha Bandy

b. 4 February 1781, d. 10 June 1860

Parents:

Father: John Bandy b. 6 Oct 1755, d. 1826
Mother: Anne Dimmock b. 28 Dec 1760, d. 1796
Last Edited: 2 Aug 2018
  • Birth: Martha Bandy was born circa 1779 at Turweston, Buckinghamshire, England.1
  • Baptism*: Martha Bandy was baptized on 4 February 1781 at Turweston, Buckinghamshire, England.
  • She was the daughter of John Bandy and Anne Dimmock.
  • (Witness) Will: Martha Bandy is mentioned in the will of William Bandy dated 23 June 1792 at Thornborough, Buckinghamshire, England; DA/WF 107/38.2
  • Anecdote: In her grandfather William Bandy's will (made 1792, died 1794), Martha received £10.
  • Anecdote*: Martha had an illegitimate son, Thomas Bandy, in 1808 at Turweston. According to "Founding Bandy Fathers" website: " In 1808 Martha travelled to Aylesbury where she gave birth to a son whom she named Thomas after his father Thomas Bull, a labourer who worked in the parish of Turweston. However, the youngster was baptised as Bandy because his father, who was already married, was unable to marry Martha. Shortly after the death of his wife Alice in 1812, he married Martha. John BANDY, Martha's father, employed him on his property at Turweston and the couple lived in a large cottage with the 2 boys of his former marriage as well as Thomas. It was this Thomas who went on to found the 2nd BANDY line in Australia."2
  • Marriage*: Martha Bandy married Thomas Bull, son of James Bull and Ann Sutton, on 20 August 1812 at Turweston, Buckinghamshire, England.
  • Married Name: As of 20 August 1812, her married name was Bull.
  • (Witness) Will: Martha Bandy is mentioned in the will of John Bandy dated 2 June 1821 at Turweston, Buckinghamshire, England.2
  • Anecdote: In her father John Bandy's will (made 1821, died 1826), Martha received £50 and his flock bed & bedding.
  • Residence*: On 7 June 1841 Martha Bandy and Thomas Bull lived at Tingewick, Buckinghamshire, England, Also living with them is Hannah Bull, age 65 years, likely to be Thomas's sister Hannah born 1773. Also living with them were Sarah Bandy age 25 years and Thomas Bandy, age 1 year, wife and son of Martha's ilegitimate son Thomas.3
  • (Witness) Baptism: Martha Bandy witnessed the baptism of Sarah Humphries on 25 August 1846 at Finmere, Oxfordshire, England.
  • Occupation*: Martha Bandy was a lace-maker according to her death certificate.4
  • Anecdote*: Martha's illegitimate son Thomas Bandy and his family emigrated to the Swan River Colony, Perth, Western Australia on 22 July 1850.
  • Residence: On 30 March 1851 Martha Bandy and Thomas Bull lived at Tingewick, Buckinghamshire, England, paupers.1
  • Death*: Martha Bandy died on 10 June 1860 at Gawcott, Buckinghamshire, England, at age 79. 81 years, lace-maker. She died of senectus and chronic bronchitis. Susannah Osborn in attendance.4

Family:

Thomas Bull b. 15 Jul 1771, d. 7 Jan 1855

Children:

Thomas Bandy+ b. 1808, d. 18 Feb 1896
Richard Bull+ b. 29 Aug 1813, d. 23 Jun 1883
Hannah Bull b. 29 Aug 1815, d. 1833
Elizabeth Bull+ b. 28 Dec 1816, d. 18 Apr 1849
Lucy Bull b. 17 Dec 1819, d. 15 Sep 1887

Citations

  1. [S16] 1851 Census for England "Class: HO107; Piece: 1724; Folio: 362; Page: 3; GSU roll: 193633."
  2. [S748] Website "Founding Bandy Fathers" (http://www.bandy.co.uk/) "http://www.bandy.co.uk/ff5-p/."
  3. [S67] 1841 Census for England "Class: HO107; Piece: 44; Book: 29; Civil Parish: Tingewick; County: Buckinghamshire; Enumeration District: 1; Folio: 14; Page: 23; Line: 1;."
  4. [S747] Death certificate of Martha Bull, died 10 Jun 1860, registered 12 Jun 1860 in the Registration District of Buckingham (GRO Index Ref: Vol 3a Page 330).

Lucy Bull

b. 17 December 1819, d. 15 September 1887

Parents:

Father: Thomas Bull b. 15 Jul 1771, d. 7 Jan 1855
Mother: Martha Bandy b. 4 Feb 1781, d. 10 Jun 1860
Last Edited: 26 Jul 2015

Family:

William Gray b. 1817

Citations

  1. [S49] Marriage certificate of Benjamin Humphreys and Elizabeth Bull, married 1 Jun 1841 in the Registration District of Buckingham, Buckinghamshire, England (GRO Index Ref: Vol 6 Page 523).

William Gray

b. 1817
Last Edited: 5 May 2011

Family:

Lucy Bull b. 17 Dec 1819, d. 15 Sep 1887

Citations

  1. [S49] Marriage certificate of Benjamin Humphreys and Elizabeth Bull, married 1 Jun 1841 in the Registration District of Buckingham, Buckinghamshire, England (GRO Index Ref: Vol 6 Page 523).

Thomas Barber

b. 8 September 1713, d. 1754

Parents:

Father: Richard Barber b. c 1673, d. 1722
Mother: Margaret Wigzell b. 18 Jul 1688
Last Edited: 18 Nov 2019
  • Birth: Thomas Barber was born in 1713 at Tonbridge, Kent, England.
  • Baptism*: Thomas Barber was baptized on 8 September 1713 at Tonbridge, Kent, England.
  • He was the son of Richard Barber and Margaret Wigzell.
  • Anecdote: Thomas was only 9 years old when his father died in 1722.
  • Anecdote: Thomas worked with his uncle Thomas and became a malster. He was 29 years old when in 1743 they together purchased a property in Tonbridge Town (comprising a dwelling, malt-house, barn, etc.) and the four acre property Finches for £300. His uncle had occupied these properties and used them for his malting business since c1710. It is evident that they were in business together and the purchase of the property set up Thomas Barber the nephew to inherit from his unmarried uncle, which he did in 1749.
    Thomas was the executor and main beneficiary of his uncle's will. He received all the "Messuages, Lands, Tenements and Hereditaments whatsoever and wheresoever in the Counties of Kent and Sussex" which would have included the town site property, Finches, Whites, the house in Hildenborough and the Drapers property in Rotherfield. Thomas married just months after receiving his inheritance, at the age of 36 years.1
  • (Witness) Will: Thomas Barber is mentioned in the will of Thomas Barber dated 16 May 1749 at Tonbridge, Kent, England.1
  • Anecdote: At the Datchurst manorial court held on 12 October 1749 he was admitted to the Hildenborough property:
    "The Homage aforesaid upon their oaths present that Thomas Barber a customary tenant of the Manor of Datchurst dyed [died] seized [possessed] of a customary messuage, garden and two orchards lying by the King's highway to the east and lands by then held of [blank] Wickenden and [blank] Whitaker to the south, held by the said manor by copy of court roll by will of the lord according to the customs of the said manor and the yearly rent of six pence. And that he Devised the same to Thomas Barber".
    This is the property previously owned by his uncle and before that his grandmother, the widow Mary Barber.2
  • Marriage*: Thomas Barber married Elizabeth Waite, daughter of John Waite and Elizabeth Low, on 12 November 1749 at Morden College, Charlton, Kent, England.3
  • Anecdote: Although the marriage was at Charlton, about 25 miles from Tonbridge, it contained the important information that Thomas was "of Tunbridge". People from all parts of the County were married at Morden College and it was similar to Gretna Green, which was known as a place where many people eloped to be married. Morden College was founded and richly endowed in 1700 by Sir John Morden for wholesale traders, master merchants and manufacturers of good character who, from misfortune or accident, became distressed. Sir John Morden, in founding the College, decreed that it should be run so that all the residents should live as comfortable as possible and "that having lived like gentlemen they might so die". It still survives today at 19 St Germans Place, Blackheath, London and continues to help the elderly suffering financial hardship.
    The marriage states that Elizabeth is "of Lee". Lee is a parish very close to Charlton but there are no Waites in the Lee parish registers so it is almost certain that "Leigh" was intended, as it is adjacent to Tonbridge and has many Waite families.
  • Anecdote: The Tonbridge Overseers of the Poor rating assessment of 2 August 1754 indicates that Thomas Barber occupied properties called Finches, Whites, other lands in Tonbridge Town area (the malt-house, etc.) and Edmund's in Southborough West.4
  • Anecdote*: The 1754 Poll for the Knights of the Shire, Kent (a list of people entitled to vote) records Thomas Barber owning freehold land in Tunbridge consisting of a house and land which he occupied. He was the only Barber listed for Tunbridge. The earlier 1734 poll lists no Barber's in Tonbridge as the freehold properties in Tonbridge were not purchased until 1743.5
  • Death*: Thomas Barber died in 1754 at Tonbridge, Kent, England.
  • Burial*: Thomas Barber was buried on 17 December 1754 at Tonbridge, Kent, England, he was 41 years old.6
  • Anecdote: The grant of administration on Thomas' estate indicates that he died intestate (i.e. without a will).
  • Probate: His estate was probated on 4 February 1755 at Consistory Court of Rochester, Kent, England: 'On the Fourth day power was Granted to Elizabeth Barber widow the Relict of Thomas Barber late of the Parish of Tonbridge in the County of Kent Deceased to Administer the Goods & chattels of the said Deceased being first sworn duly to Administer.' It required her to exhibit an inventory of his goods and chattels in the court on or before the last day of July next ensuing (1755) and also to render an account of her administration to the court on or before the last day of January 1756.7
  • Anecdote: Although Thomas died intestate, control of the properties passed to his widow Elizabeth. The Overseers of the Poor rate assessments of 1756 and 1762 record them in her name. In 1776 she passed them to her son Thomas (at age 23 years) when she signed a "Release of Dower" to his benefit. In return, Thomas agreed to pay his mother an annuity of £20 p.a.8
  • Anecdote*: The Rotherfield Land Tax records show that the Drapers property in Sussex was leased to a John Parsons during the period 1750-1764 (the records start at 1750 so it may have been earlier), and leased to William Peerless between 1765-1787, which is the last year that "Mr Barber" is recorded as the owner. Elizabeth released Drapers to her son Thomas Barber in 1776 and he must have sold the property in 1787 as thereafter, the owner is William Peerless. William died in 1800 leaving a will dated 9 Feb 1799 in which he states his occupation is a glover and fellmonger, and that the Drapers property is to go to his son Henry Peerless of Speldhurst, Kent. His occupation of "fellmonger" is interesting, as in 1605 the then owner of Drapers, George Barber alias Nynne, is noted in manorial court records as being a "searcher of raw tanned leather", or fellmonger ("fell" means skins and "monger" means dealer), and indicates one of the possible uses of the Drapers land in addition to it's coppice or forestry value mention in Thomas Barber's 1683 will, and the pigs and husbandry mentioned in George Barber's 1617 will, and possibly even for corn (wheat) growing as mentioned in John Barber's will of 1589.9,10
  • Anecdote*: According to the Tonbridge Overseers of the Poor rate assessment books, Elizabeth (or "Widow Barber") is recorded as the owner or occupier of Thomas' properties after 1756. By July 1762 she had given up using the property in Southborough herself and Samuel Mills appears to have been using it. The 1762 assessment shows that the annual rental value for Finches was £6, for Whites and other lands £8 and for Edmunds £13 10s, in all £27 10s. This was a modest sum and although they were not rich people, they were probably reasonably comfortable. The occupation of property worth £10 a year in rent was one of the ways in which legal settlement in a parish could be gained, and few people managed that amount.4

Family:

Elizabeth Waite b. 14 Feb 1715/16, d. Oct 1798

Children:

Thomas Barber b. 23 Nov 1750, d. c 1751
Thomas Barber+ b. 20 Oct 1752, d. Aug 1821

Citations

  1. [S341] Will of Thomas Barber of Tonbridge, Kent, England, made 16 May 1749, proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 16 Jun 1749. (TNA: PROB 11/770/346).
  2. [S410] Court books of the manor of Datchurst, Lamport, Martin Abbey and Nizells, in Kent, England, 1718-1884 (KHLC: U55 M378).
  3. [S151] Index to West Kent Marriages, KFHS CD-ROM36, 1538-1812, compiled by Sydney Smith, 59 Friar Road, Orpington Kent BR5 2BW, England.
  4. [S126] Tonbridge Overseers of the Poor Rating Assessments, 1670-. (KHLC: P371/12/1-4).
  5. [S244] Website "Ancestry" (http://www.ancestry.co.uk/) "Ancestry.com. UK, Poll Books and Electoral Registers, 1538-1893 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012."
  6. [S133] Transcript of the Parish Register of Tonbridge, Kent, England, 1547-1730 (KHLC: TR 2451/20).
  7. [S2] Letters of administration of the estate of Thomas Barber of Tonbridge, Kent, England, granted by the Archdeaconry court of Rochester, 4 Feb 1755 (KHLC: DRa/Pa5).
  8. [S406] Indenture: Release of Dower between Elizabeth Barber and Thomas Barber, 29 Jan 1776, Tonbridge (KHLC: U1109 T17).
  9. [S124] Land tax of the manor of Rotherfield, Sussex, 1750-1779 (ESRO: XA31/34).
  10. [S129] Will of William Peerless of Rotherfield, Sussex, England, made 9 Feb 1799, proved in the Archdeaconry court of Lewes, 7 Nov 1800. (ESRO: PBT 1/1/68/507).

Elizabeth Waite

b. 14 February 1715/16, d. October 1798
The signature of Elizabeth Barber (nee Waite) showing that she could write.

Parents:

Father: John Waite b. 17 May 1687, d. 1747
Mother: Elizabeth Low b. c 1690, d. 1733
Last Edited: 22 Jul 2020
  • Birth: Elizabeth Waite was born in 1716 at Leigh, Kent, England.
  • Baptism*: Elizabeth Waite was baptized on 14 February 1715/16 at Leigh, Kent, England, "daughter of John Waite and Elizabeth."1,2
  • She was the daughter of John Waite and Elizabeth Low.
  • Anecdote: Her father was a tenant farmer at Brights Farm (now called Great Hollanden Farm in Hildenborough) which was occupied by his father William Waite and then by himself between 1688 and 1740. In 1726 John Waite also inherited Marden's Farm in nearby Philpots Lane, Hildenborough from his mother's sister, Hannah Gilpin. This farm was occupied by the tenant William Latter and was sold c1740.
    Lawrence Biddle's book "Leigh in Kent 1550-1900" mentions that the WAITE family in Leigh was extensive and that being farmers they would have been leading members of their community. Starting with Edward and Anne Waite in the 1640's they "created a dynasty of farmers and it is not surprising to find 8 headstones to their memory" in the Leigh churchyard. Biddle states that "nearly all the 18th century ones [headstones] record the families of tenant farmers - the only class that could afford such memorials". Elizabeth would have been a good match for her husband and he would most likely have been well regarded as a prosperous malster with a number of properties in Tonbridge and land in Rotherfield. It is also clear from the manorial records that the two families would have known each other for some time.3,4,5
  • Marriage: Elizabeth Waite married Thomas Barber, son of Richard Barber and Margaret Wigzell, on 12 November 1749 at Morden College, Charlton, Kent, England.6
  • Anecdote: The marriage states that Thomas is "of Tunbridge" and Elizabeth is "of Lee". Lee is a parish very close to Charlton but there are no Waites in the Lee parish registers so it is almost certain that "Leigh" was intended, as it is adjacent to Tonbridge and has many Waite families (although it is pronounced “Lyghe” and not "Lee").
  • Married Name: As of 12 November 1749, her married name was Barber.
  • Anecdote: Elizabeth was 38 years old when she was widowed and left with a two year old son when husband Thomas died in 1754. She took over the management of the properties Finches, Whites, some lands in Tonbridge Town area and Edmund's in Southborough West, though by July 1762 she had given up using the property in Southborough herself and a Samuel Mills appears to have been using it.7
  • (Witness) Probate: Elizabeth Waite witnessed the probate of the estate of Thomas Barber on 4 February 1755 at Consistory Court of Rochester, Kent, England; 'On the Fourth day power was Granted to Elizabeth Barber widow the Relict of Thomas Barber late of the Parish of Tonbridge in the County of Kent Deceased to Administer the Goods & chattels of the said Deceased being first sworn duly to Administer.' It required her to exhibit an inventory of his goods and chattels in the court on or before the last day of July next ensuing (1755) and also to render an account of her administration to the court on or before the last day of January 1756.8
  • Anecdote: In 1758 Elizabeth attended the Datchurst manorial court and arranged for her son to be named heir to the Hildenborough property and later in 1764 he was formally admitted to the property with Elizabeth as guardian until he reached 21 years of age (see details under her son, Thomas).
  • Anecdote: On Friday the 19th of August 1763 a violent storm struck Kent which affected Elizabeth:
    "... there happened in the parishes of Tunbridge, Speldwich, Penshurst, Pembury, Tudeley, Capel, Hadlow, Yalding, Hunton, Marden, Brenchley, East Peckham, West Peckham, Mereworth, East Malling, Wateringbury, Nettlesread, Teston, East Farleigh, West Farleigh, Barming, Loose, Maidstone, Boxley and Detling in the said County a most Dreadful and Violent Storm of Hail and Wind attended by (thunder?) and lightning which passed as a Tornado and with . . .ness through the Lands and grounds".
    Although no specific details are given, the widow Elizabeth Barber is listed as one of many sufferers affected by this storm which: "in a very short time to beat cut down strip lay waste and destroy all or the greatest part of the corn grain hops fruit and other things then standing growing and being in and upon the said Lands and grounds of the said several sufferers. Total damage was estimated at Twelve Thousand seven hundred Ninety eight pounds seven shillings and three half pence and that all or the Greatest part of the said sufferers are tenants at rack Rents and are by their loss severally reduced to great Want and Distress". The Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain was requested to grant to them "his Majesty's most Gracious Letters Patent and ... Great Britain to enable them to receive the contributions of ... people throughout such part of Great Britain".

    In other freak weather events, a snowstorm on 31 December 1775 produced drifts 10 feet deep in Tonbridge. Later in 1783 a hot summer brings an "intolerable" plague of caterpillars!9,10
  • Anecdote: At the manorial court held on 23 October 1764, the infant Thomas Barber (that is, aged under 21 years) came to the court with his mother Elizabeth and prayed to be admitted to that messuage or tenement, garden and two orchards, previously held by his father Thomas Barber who had died. This is their property in Hildenborough which was part of the manor of Datchurst.11
  • Anecdote*: After her husband Thomas's death in 1754 Elizabeth had received her right under common law to one third of her husband's freehold property (or its money equivalent) and this was known as dower. Some twenty years later on 29th January 1776 Elizabeth released her dower to her 23 year old son Thomas for the nominal sum of 2 shillings. With Thomas's marriage in 1774 and Elizabeth approaching her 60th birthday she must have thought it was an appropriate time to do this. The release document survives and has Elizabeth's signature, showing that she could write. It clearly mentions the Draper's property in Sussex, the property Finches in Tonbridge and Widow Mary Barber's house in Hildenborough then divided into two dwellings. The document reads:
    Indenture 29 January 1776 between Elizabeth Barber of Tonbridge, kent, widow, and relict of Thomas Barber late of the same place, malster, deceased, of the one part and Thomas Barber of Tonbridge aforesaid, son and heir of the said Thomas Barber deceased of the other part. Whereas the said Thomas Barber deceased was in his lifetime and at the time of his death seised in his demesne as of fee of and in all that messuage or tenement with the malthouse, barn, stable, yard, backside, garden and ground thereunto belonging or appertaining therewith now or late demised, letten, used, held, occupied or enjoyed containng by estimation one acre more or less, with appurtenances, lying at or near the lower end of the town of Tonbridge in Tonbridge aforesaid and heretofore in the tenure or occupation of the said Thomas Barber deceased, since of the said Elizabeth Barber and now or late of the said Elizabeth Barber and Thomas Barber, party hereto, or their or one of their assigns or undertenants, and those two pieces or parcels of land commonly called or known by the name of the Finches or howsoever called or known by containing by estimation four acres more or less, with its appurtenances, situated and being at or near Lodge end in the parish of Tonbridge heretofore in the tenure oroccupation of the said Thomas Barber deceased, since of the said Elizabeth Barber and now or late of the said Elizabeth Barber and Thomas Barber, party hereto, or their or one of their assigns or undertenants, and also of and in all that messuage or tenement now divided into two several habitations or dewellings with the yards, backsides, gardens and orchards thereunto respectively apportioned and belonging or therewith now or late severally demised, letten, used, held, occupied or enjoyed containing by estimation one [?] acre of ground more or less, with appurtenances, situated, lying and being in Hildenborough in Tonbridge aforesaid and now in the tenure or occupation of Widow Kemp and John Wells or one of them, their or one of their assigns or undertenants. The said Thomas Barber deceased dying intestate the said messuages, lands, tenements and hereditaments being of the nature and tenure of gavelkind in the County of Kent descended and came by and upon his decease, according to the tenure of gavelkind for Gavelkind Lands in the County of Kent, to the said Thomas Barber, party hereto, the only son and heir of the said Thomas Barber deceased, subject to the dower of the said Elizabeth Barber, his widow and relict, therein, being an interest in one moiety thereof during her widowhood according to the said custom. And whereas also the said Thomas Barber deceased was in his lifetime and at the time of his death seised in his demesne as fee of and in those several pieces or parcels of land arable, meadow, pasture and woodland commonly called or known by the name of Drapers, or howsoever otherwise called or known by, containing by estimation 24 acres more or less, with appurtenances, situated in the parish of Rotherfield in Sussex now in the tenure or occupation of William Peerless, his assigns or undertenants, and the said last mentioned lands and premises by and upon the decease of the said Thomas Barber descended and came to the said Thomas Barber, party hereto, as his only son and heir subject to the dower of the said Elizabeth Barber, being an interest in one third part thereof during her natural life according to the Common Law of England. Now this indenture witnesses that the said Elizabeth Barber in consideration of the natural love and affection which she hath and beareth to and towards the said Thomas Barber, party hereto, her son, and of the sum of 2s of lawful money of Great Britan to the said Elizabeth Barber in hand before the sealing and delivery of these presents paid to her by the said Thomas Barber, party hereto, and for divers other good causes and considerations her the said Elizabeth Barber thereunto especially moving, hath remised, released and for ever quitclaimed to the said Thomas Barber, party hereto, in his actual possession and to his heirs all the estate, right, title, interest, dower, right and title of dower either by the Common Law or cusom of gavelkind, claim and demand whatsoever of her the said Elizabeth Barber of and in the said several messuages, tenements, pieces or parcels of land, hereditaments and premises herein before mentioned and described, with their appurtenances, so the said Elizabeth Barber or any person claiming under her shall not nor will at any time hereafter have claim, challenge, or demand any right, title or interest of, in or to the said several messuages etc. or any part thereof or the rents, issues and profits thereof in respect of her dower either at the Common Law or by the custom of gavelkind but of and from the same and every part thereof she shall be absolutely excluded and debarred for ever by these presents.
    [signed] Eliz Barber.
    (Transcribed by Gillian Rickard, March 2013, for Geoffrey Barber.)12
  • Anecdote: One day later, in a deed dated 30 Jan 1776, Thomas Barber agreed to pay his mother Elizabeth Barber, widow, a £20 annuity for life out of the properties he had inherited, and on which Elizabeth had agreed to a release of dower. Although this deed has not been sighted, it is mentioned in a mortgage taken out on these properties in 1788. It is expressed as:
    "One Annuity or yearly Rent Charge of Twenty pounds during her natural Life by virtue of one Indenture tripartite bearing date on or about the thirtieth day of January one thousand seven hundred and seventy six and made or expressed to be made between the said Thomas Barber party hereto of the first part the said Elizabeth Barber of the second part and William Waite of Tonbridge aforesaid yeoman of the third part "
    This is similar to the arrangements made by his great grandfather, also a Thomas Barber, who paid an annuity of £11 5s per annum to his mother in 1661/62 in Rotherfield in exchange for the use of properties that he would eventually inherit. This method of providing an income for widowed mothers was probably common practice over many generations in the family, and shows the importance of property ownership in being able to secure that income. The mention of a William Waite as a third party is interesting, as Elizabeth's maiden name was Waite, and William is doubtlessly a family member, probably her brother. He would have acted as a trustee for Elizabeth in this matter.13
  • Anecdote: A quit rent receipt book 1777-1788 for the manor of Tonbridge Town records quit rents paid by Widow Barber for "her house" (1s/- per year), for "land called Finches" (6d per year) and for "late Chalklins" (10d per year) over this period. Next to them was written "T. Barber" and "Mr Barber" indicating that he had taken over responsibility for these.14
  • Anecdote: In 1798, just a few months before she died, Elizabeth is recorded in the 1798 national land tax assessments as owning and occupying a property in Tonbridge Town which was assessed for 1/- tax. Her son Thomas also owned and occupied a property there which was assessed for 2/- as well as other property in Hilden and Barden, both just outside Tonbridge.15
  • Death*: Elizabeth Waite died in October 1798 at Tonbridge, Kent, England, at age 82.
  • Burial*: Elizabeth Waite was buried on 13 October 1798 at Tonbridge, Kent, England, aged 81 years.16
  • Probate: Her estate was probated on 11 May 1808 at Consistory Court of Rochester, Kent, England.17
  • Anecdote*: Administrations 1808: On the eleventh day of May power was granted to Thomas Barber the natural and lawful Son and sole next of kin of Elizabeth Barber late of the parish of Tonbridge in the County of Kent widow deceased to administer the goods chattels and credits of the said Deceased having been first sworn duly to administer. [Value of effects] Under £100.' Thomas appears to have delayed applying for formal administration until May 1808. This would have been perfectly possible, as there was no time limit on such things. He was her only next of kin, so there was no-one else with an interest in her estate and he was probably informally administering it from before the time she died.17
  • Anecdote: In 1805, after Elizabeth's death, there is an entry in the manor of Tonbridge quit rent receipts for "Barber Thos for late Widow Barber 10d" which is crossed out and two lines above is inserted "Thos Beeching for late Barbers 10d" indicating that Elizabeth's property had been sold or leased to Thomas Beeching.18

Family:

Thomas Barber b. 8 Sep 1713, d. 1754

Children:

Thomas Barber b. 23 Nov 1750, d. c 1751
Thomas Barber+ b. 20 Oct 1752, d. Aug 1821

Citations

  1. [S165] Transcript of the Parish Register of Leigh, Kent, England, 1638-1812 (KHLC: TR 2322/41).
  2. [S388] Website "FamilySearch" (http://www.familysearch.org/) "source film number     992527."
  3. [S163] Lawrence Biddle, "Leigh in Kent 1550 to 1900", Lawrence Biddle, First Edition (1991) "pp 27,40,46."
  4. [S541] Geoffrey Barber, "History of the Old House (Originally Marden's Farm) in Hildenborough, Kent", 2014 (Tonbridge Library).", Geoffrey Barber, First Edition (2014) 978-0-9942112-2-4.
  5. [S479] Will of Hannah Gilpin of Sevenoaks, Kent, England, made 20 Jul 1724, proved in the unknown court, 22 Apr 1726. (Lambeth: VH 96/4346).
  6. [S151] Index to West Kent Marriages, KFHS CD-ROM36, 1538-1812, compiled by Sydney Smith, 59 Friar Road, Orpington Kent BR5 2BW, England.
  7. [S126] Tonbridge Overseers of the Poor Rating Assessments, 1670-. (KHLC: P371/12/1-4) 1756, 1762.
  8. [S2] Letters of administration of the estate of Thomas Barber of Tonbridge, Kent, England, granted by the Archdeaconry court of Rochester, 4 Feb 1755 (KHLC: DRa/Pa5).
  9. [S164] West Kent Quarter Sessions, 16 Feb 1764. (LDS Film#1656380: Item2, pp 97-99).
  10. [S166] Website "Tonbridge Historical Society" (http://www.tonbridgehistory.org.uk/) "Tonbridge Timeline page."
  11. [S410] Court books of the manor of Datchurst, Lamport, Martin Abbey and Nizells, in Kent, England, 1718-1884 (KHLC: U55 M378).
  12. [S406] Indenture: Release of Dower between Elizabeth Barber and Thomas Barber, 29 Jan 1776, Tonbridge (KHLC: U1109 T17).
  13. [S430] Indenture: Mortgage between Thomas Barber and George Children, 10 Oct 1788, Tonbridge (KHLC: U642/T/20).
  14. [S546] Quit Rent Accounts of the manor of Tonbridge, Kent, 1777-1788 (KHLC: TU1/M1/19).
  15. [S271] Inland Revenue, Land Tax Redemptions, 1798, United Kingdom (TNA: IR23,38).
  16. [S133] Transcript of the Parish Register of Tonbridge, Kent, England, 1547-1730 (KHLC: TR 2451/20) "age 81 years."
  17. [S1] Letters of administration of the estate of Elizabeth Barber of Tonbridge, Kent, England, granted by the Consistory Court of Rochester, 11 May 1808 (KHLC: DRb/Pa29).
  18. [S547] Quit Rent Accounts of the manor of Tonbridge, Kent, 1801-1812 (Tonbridge Library: TU1/M1/20).

Hannah Hudson

b. 14 October 1798, d. 18 May 1864

Parents:

Father: John Hudson b. 2 Jun 1765, d. 2 Jan 1855
Mother: Mary Young b. 5 Mar 1774, d. 12 Feb 1852
Last Edited: 3 Feb 2015

Family 1:

Samuel King b. 16 Feb 1795, d. 25 Apr 1868

Child:

Alfred Hudson+ b. 4 Apr 1819, d. 1870

Family 2:

Charles Smart b. 16 Oct 1803, d. 9 Apr 1886

Children:

Jane Smart+ b. c 1823, d. 12 Apr 1894
Hosea Smart b. 25 Jun 1826, d. 1869
Frances Smart b. 20 Dec 1830
Harriet Smart b. 6 Sep 1835
Daniel Smart+ b. 9 Jul 1840, d. 1924

Citations

  1. [S23] Online Index to Baptisms, 1538 onwards, compiled by Sussex Family History Group, http://www.sfhg.org.uk/, ongoing project,.
  2. [S24] Index to Marriages, 1538-1837, Compact Disc SFHGCD003, compiled by Sussex Family History Group, 2008.
  3. [S216] Birth certificate of Daniel Smart, born 9 Jul 1840, registered 17 Aug 1840 in the Registration District of Lewes, Sussex, England (GRO Index Ref: Vol 7 Page 349).
  4. [S67] 1841 Census for England "HO107 piece 1106 folio 9/21 page 7."
  5. [S16] 1851 Census for England "HO107 piece 1635 folio 69 page 15."
  6. [S68] 1861 Census for England, "RG09 piece 566 folio 59 page 2."
  7. [S512] Death certificate of Hannah Smart, died 18 May 1864, registered 20 May 1864 in the Registration District of Eastbourne, Sussex, England (GRO Index Ref: Vol 2b Page 39).
  8. [S25] Online Index to Burials, 1538 onwards, compiled by Sussex Family History Group, http://www.sfhg.org.uk/, ongoing project, ""age 66 years.""

Thomas Woolgar

b. 25 May 1753, d. 1819

Parents:

Father: George Woolgar b. c 1710, d. 1789
Mother: Mary Allwork b. 15 Dec 1726, d. 1798
Last Edited: 30 Sep 2017
  • Birth: Thomas Woolgar was born in 1753 at Seaford, Sussex, England.
  • Baptism*: Thomas Woolgar was baptized on 25 May 1753 at Seaford, Sussex, England.1
  • He was the son of George Woolgar and Mary Allwork.
  • Marriage*: Thomas Woolgar married Jean Wood on 9 April 1779 at Willingdon, Sussex, England, Thomas is of Bishopstone, Jean of this parish (Willingdon.)2,3
  • Anecdote: The 1803 Militia List includes a Thomas WOLGAR, blacksmith, at Heighton. There is also a William SMART, servant, (aged 17 to 30, unmarried). Another Thomas WOLGAR, blacksmith, (aged 17 to 30, unmarried with no children) is recorded at Bishopstone.
  • Marriage*: Thomas Woolgar married Lucy Young, daughter of Samuel Young and Mary Sutton, on 17 November 1807 at Preston, Sussex, England, Thomas is a widower of Brighton and Lucy a widow of this parish (Preston.)3
  • Occupation: Thomas Woolgar was a smith on 7 November 1813.4
  • Occupation*: Thomas Woolgar was a victualler and blacksmith on 30 January 1816.5
  • Occupation: Thomas Woolgar was a labourer on 5 April 1817.6
  • Death*: Thomas Woolgar died in 1819 at South Heighton, Sussex, England.
  • Burial*: Thomas Woolgar was buried on 9 October 1819 at St Martin, South Heighton, Sussex, England, age 67 years.2,7
  • Will*: Thomas Woolgar left a will made on 30 January 1816 at South Heighton, Sussex, England.5,8
  • Anecdote: This is the last Will and Testament of me Thomas Woolgar of Heighton in the County of Sussex Victualler and Blacksmith First I order and direct that all my just Debts Funeral Expences and the Charges of proving this my Will shall be paid and discharged by my Executors hereinafter named I give and devise unto my Friend Thomas Allwork of Seaford in the said County Supervisor of Customs All that my Messuage or Tenement with the Blacksmiths Shop Garden and Appurtenances thereunto belonging situate Lying and being at Bishopstone in the said County and holden of the Manor of Bishopstone To hold the same unto him the said Thomas Allwork his Heirs and Assigns for ever Upon Trust when and so soon as my youngest Child shall have attained the Age of fourteen years to sell and dispose of the said premises either by public Auction or private Contract as my said Trustee or his Heirs or Assigns shall think most adviseable And upon further Trust to pay the Money arising from Sale thereof and the Rents and profits thereof in the mean time unto the Trustees of the Residue of my real and personal Estate hereinafter named in aid of and upon the like Trusts Intents and purposes as I have hereinafter directed of and concerning the same residue of my said real and personal Estate And for the purpose of facilitating the Sale of the said Messuage or Tenement Blacksmiths Shop Garden and appurtenances I hereby direct and declare that the receipt of the said Thomas Allwork his Heirs or Assigns alone shall be a good and sufficient Discharge to the purchaser or purchasers of the said Premises for his her or their purchase Money and that such Purchaser or Purchasers shall not afterwards be answerable for or obliged to see to the application thereof And as for all the Rest and Residue of my Real and personal Estate of every sort and kind I give devise and bequeath the same unto the said Thomas Allwork my Brother James Woolgar of Eastdean in the said County Riding Officer and my two Son Thomas Woolgar and James Woolgar their Heirs Executors and Administrators and Assigns To hold the same unto them the said Thomas Allwork James Woolgar Thomas Woolgar and James Woolgar their Heirs Executors Administrators and Assigns for ever and Upon Trust to carry on the several Businesses in which I am now engaged until my youngest Child shall attain the Age of fourteen years and to apply the Rents and profits of the said Estates and the profits of the said Businesses in the mean time for and towards the support Maintenance and Education of my present Wife Lucy Woolgar and of all such of my Children respectively as shall not be of Age to provide for themselves in such manner as they my said Trustees or the Survivor of them or the Executors or Administrators of such Survivor shall think proper And upon further Trust when and so soon as my youngest Child shall have attained the Age of fourteen years that they my said Trustees or the Survivors or Survivor of them or the Heirs Executors or Administrators of such Survivor do and shall forthwith either by public Auction or private Contract as they or he shall think proper dispose of and convert into Money all the said residue of my said real and personal Estate and pay and apply the Monies arising by such sale in manner following that is to say to pay to my said Wife Lucy Woolgar if she shall then be living the Sum of Twenty five pounds sterling to and for her own use and benefit and to pay and divide all the Rest and Residue thereof unto and equally between and amongst my six Sons Thomas James Henry George Richard and Philip Woolgar and their respective Executors and Administrators share and share alike And I do hereby direct and declare that the receipt or receipts of my said Trustees or the Survivor of them or the Heirs Executors or Administrators of such Survivor shall be a good and sufficient Discharge and Discharges to the purchaser or purchasers of the whole or of any part of the said Residue of my said Real and personal Estates without such purchaser or purchasers being afterwards answerable for or obliged to see to the application thereof And I direct that it shall and may be lawful for my Trustees herein named and every of them and their respective Heirs and Executors and Administrators out of the said Trust Monies and Estates in the first place to deduct and retain to themselves and himself respectively all such Costs Charges Damages and Expenses as they or any or either of them shall or may sustain or be at or put unto by reason of the Trusts hereby in them or him reposed And that neither of my said Trustees shall be answerable or accountable for the others or any other of them or for the Heirs Executors or Administrators of each other but each of them for himself only and for his own Heirs Executors and Administrators Acts and Deeds nor for any Loss that may happen of or to the said Trust Premises so that such Loss shall not happen through their or either of their willful Neglect or Default And Lastly I appoint the said Thomas Allwork my Brother James Woolgar and my said two Sons Thomas Woolgar and James Woolgar joint Executors of this my Will Hereby revoking all former Wills by me at any time heretofore made In Testimony whereof I the said Thomas Woolgar the Testator have set my hand to the first Sheet of this my last Will and Testament contained in two sheets of paper and my hand and seal to this the second and last Sheet thereof the thirtieth day of January in the year of our Lord One thousand eight hundred and sixteen Thomas Woolgar (L S) Signed sealed published and declared by the said Thomas Woolgar the Testator as and for his last Will and Testament in the presence of us who in his presence and at his request have hereunto subscribed our names as witnesses William Wakeford William Copper William Putland
    PROBATE dated 28 March 1820
    The Will of
    Thomas Woolgar late of Heighton within the Archdeaconry of Lewes Victualler and Blacksmith was proved the twenty eighth day of March in the year of our Lord One Thousand eight hundred and twenty. Before the Reverend Edward Robert Raynes Clerk Surrogate and so forth Upon the Oaths of Thomas Allwork James Woolgar and James Woolgar the surviving Executors in the said Will named To whom was committed the Administration of the Goods &c They being first sworn well and faithfully to administer the same and so forth Sworn also that the Goods Chattels and Credits of the sa.id deceased do not amount in value unto Three Hundred pounds
    (Transcribed by Marion Woolgar 26 December 2005.)
  • Probate: His estate was probated on 28 March 1820 at Archdeaconry of Lewes, Sussex, England.
  • Anecdote*: Much of the information about the Woolgar's has come from Marion Woolgar's one-name study of this surname.8
  • Anecdote: Marion Woolgar writes: Again, according to my notebook entry Thomas WOOLGAR wasn’t buried at South Heighton. Also, according to my notebook entries for Bishopstone, neither he nor his first wife, Jenny, were buried at Bishopstone. However, in Sussex Archaeological Collections volume XIX published in 1867, page 186 et seq, there is a list of Memorial Inscriptions that were recorded at Bishopstone and amongst them is the following item:
    “Jenny WOOLGAR died 1st Janry, 1798, aged 37;
    Thomas WOOLGAR died 4th Octr, 1819, aged 67.”
    I well remember visiting Bishopstone about 15 years ago and I carried out a hunt for any remnant of this headstone, but found nothing that I could positively identify.
    Just to confuse matters even further, there IS a burial entry on 07 Jan 1798 for Jenny WOOLGAR, wife of Thomas of South Heighton listed in the Tarring Neville Burial Register. This is more understandable because South Heighton church was destroyed by lightning in the mid-18th Century and its parish was joined with Tarring Neville. Although some South Heighton parishioners subsequently used Denton church, most South Heighton baptisms and marriages took place at Tarring Neville church, but Bishopstone was used for burials of South Heighton residents, as the former was an old ‘minster’ church. Now, when I last examined the Tarring Neville Burial Registers back in 1993, they had only been deposited up to 1812, so it is entirely possible that more WOOLGAR burials post -1812 are still waiting to be found. Sorry that’s so complicated!
    This obviously needs further research (GGB).

Family 1:

Jean Wood b. c 1755, d. 1798

Children:

William Woolgar b. 1780
Thomas Woolgar b. 1780, d. 1816
James Woolgar+ b. 1784, d. 9 Jul 1860
Henry Woolgar+ b. 1787, d. 26 Sep 1858
William Woolgar b. 1789, d. 1790
George Woolgar2 b. 8 Jan 1792, d. 8 Nov 1851
Richard Woolgar2 b. 1793, d. 11 Jul 1852
Philip Woolgar2 b. 1796, d. 2 Sep 1868

Family 2:

Lucy Young b. 25 Jun 1775, d. 1827

Children:

William Smart+ b. 6 Jul 1800, d. 1870
Jane Smart b. 18 Apr 1802
Charles Smart+ b. 16 Oct 1803, d. 9 Apr 1886
Susan Smart b. 3 Mar 1805
Sophia Smart b. 22 May 1808
Benjamin Woolgar+ b. 4 Jun 1809, d. 25 Mar 1869
Sarah Woolgar b. 28 Nov 1812
Daniel Woolgar b. 7 Nov 1813
Eleanor Woolgar b. 12 Nov 1815
Hosea Woolgar b. 5 Apr 1817

Citations

  1. [S23] Online Index to Baptisms, 1538 onwards, compiled by Sussex Family History Group, http://www.sfhg.org.uk/, ongoing project,.
  2. [S181] Website "WOOLGAR One Name Study - Guild of One-Name Studies" (http://www.one-name.org/profiles/woolgar.html).
  3. [S24] Index to Marriages, 1538-1837, Compact Disc SFHGCD003, compiled by Sussex Family History Group, 2008.
  4. [S23] Online Index to Baptisms, 1538 onwards, compiled by Sussex Family History Group, http://www.sfhg.org.uk/, ongoing project, "Daniel Woolgar."
  5. [S182] Will of Thomas Woolgar of Heighton, Sussex, England, made 30 Jan 1816, proved in the Archdeaconry court of Lewes, 28 Mar 1820. (ESRO: PBT 1/1/73/636).
  6. [S23] Online Index to Baptisms, 1538 onwards, compiled by Sussex Family History Group, http://www.sfhg.org.uk/, ongoing project, "Hosea Woolgar."
  7. [S25] Online Index to Burials, 1538 onwards, compiled by Sussex Family History Group, http://www.sfhg.org.uk/, ongoing project, "age 67 yrs, senior."
  8. [S183] Website "WOOLGAR One-Name Study" (http://www.woolgar.org/).

Lucy Young

b. 25 June 1775, d. 1827

Parents:

Father: Samuel Young b. 22 Apr 1739
Mother: Mary Sutton b. 22 Jan 1742/43, d. 1812
Last Edited: 30 Sep 2017
  • Birth: Lucy Young was born in 1775 at Eastbourne, Sussex, England; age 52 years at burial in 1827.1
  • Baptism*: Lucy Young was baptized on 25 June 1775 at St Mary, Eastbourne, Sussex, England.2
  • She was the daughter of Samuel Young and Mary Sutton.
  • Anecdote*: There is a court order for Lucy's removal from South Heighton to Eastbourne in 1806 indicating her home parish is Eastbourne.3
  • Anecdote: There was another possiblity for Lucy's baptism: Lucy Young baptised 14 Sep 1780 at Eastbourne, daughter of William and Susan Young. Although these parents names seem to be a better match to Lucy's children's names, her marriage licence says that she married with the consent of her mother, Mary Young, so the above baptism in 1775 has to be the correct one.
  • Marriage License: Lucy Young and John Smart obtained a marriage licence on 20 June 1795 at Archdeaconry of Lewes, Sussex, England.4
  • Married Name: As of 20 June 1795, her married name was Smart.
  • Marriage*: Lucy Young married John Smart on 21 June 1795 at Eastbourne, Sussex, England, John of Brighton; Lucy of this parish.4
  • Anecdote: There is some useful information on the marriage licence issued one day before the actual marriage: John Smart is a bachelor in the Royal Regiment Artillery, age 24 encamped at Brighton. Lucy is age 20 marrying with the consent of her mother, Mary Young, widow of Eastbourne.
    Information from Marion Woolgar: "Roy Grant published a book on the Brighton Garrison some years ago and when replying to queries on the My Brighton & Hove web site in 2015 he wrote "the Barracks were built in 1793 and the first regiment to occupy the original buildings were The Royal Horse Artillery (1793-1795) they were followed (1794) by a detachment from The Royal Regiment of Artificers." I wonder if John SMART might have been of the Artificers and not the Artillery? I believe that the Artificers later became part of the Royal Engineers." This needs to be followed up.
    Also, there is an article in The Oxford Times, 10 November 2010, about the execution of two soldiers on 13 June 1795 at Goldstone Bottom, Hove (near Brighton) with thousands of soldiers and militia men forced to witness as an example. John Smart would surely have witnessed this. (http://www.oxfordtimes.co.uk/lifestyle/history/8628554.Mutiny_over_grain_leads_to_executions/.)
  • Anecdote: Lucy's first child, Mary Ann, was born in 1795 just one month after her marriage to John Smart. Lucy then had four children between 1800-1806 at Tarring Neville in East Sussex to the same reputed father, Thomas Woolgar. They eventually married in 1807. This suggests that John Smart may have died before 1800. Being a soldier, perhaps he went to war and never returned? Alternatively, he may have deserted Lucy after being posted somewhere. Perhaps it was the uncertainty as to whether he was alive that was the reason why Lucy and Thomas Woolgar didn't/couldn't marry until 1807. Lucy's removal order from Heighton to Eastbourne in 1806 states that she is a widow, and this order may have been what prompted them to marry.
    Research on Lucy's grandfather, Samuel Young, shows that he was born at Denton, next to Heighton. Samuel was left an orphan in 1719 when his father John Young of Newhaven died, and he and his siblings were placed in the care of John Young's brother, Samuel Young of Beddingham, and his brother-in-law James Chambers who lived at Seaford. Both John Young and James Chambers were closely connected to the Denton/Heighton area. Family connections were therefore the likely reason for Lucy Smart's residence in Heighton.
  • Anecdote: Lucy was given a removal order in 1806: Lewes Sessions, 18 April 1806 746. SMART Lucy, widow; JPs order removing her from [South] Heighton to Eastbourne recorded and confirmed.5,3
  • Marriage*: Lucy Young married Thomas Woolgar, son of George Woolgar and Mary Allwork, on 17 November 1807 at Preston, Sussex, England, Thomas is a widower of Brighton and Lucy a widow of this parish (Preston.)4
  • Married Name: As of 17 November 1807, her married name was Woolgar.
  • (Witness) Will: Lucy Young is mentioned in the will of Thomas Woolgar dated 30 January 1816 at South Heighton, Sussex, England.6,7
  • Death*: Lucy Young died in 1827 at South Heighton, Sussex, England.
  • Burial*: Lucy Young was buried on 22 July 1827 at St Martin, South Heighton, Sussex, England, 52 years old.7
  • Anecdote: Note that the burial date is given as 22 Jul 1817 in the Sussex Burial Index but this is considered wrong. From Marion Woolgar: According to my notebook entry, Lucy WOOLGAR was buried on 22 Jul 1827 aged 52 years at South Heighton per ESRO ref PAR 374/1/5/1. I have collected other entries in date order from the same volume and so I am pretty sure that 1827 is correct.

Family 1:

John Smart

Child:

Mary Ann Smart+ b. 26 Jul 1795

Family 2:

Thomas Woolgar b. 25 May 1753, d. 1819

Children:

William Smart+ b. 6 Jul 1800, d. 1870
Jane Smart b. 18 Apr 1802
Charles Smart+ b. 16 Oct 1803, d. 9 Apr 1886
Susan Smart b. 3 Mar 1805
Sophia Smart b. 22 May 1808
Benjamin Woolgar+ b. 4 Jun 1809, d. 25 Mar 1869
Sarah Woolgar b. 28 Nov 1812
Daniel Woolgar b. 7 Nov 1813
Eleanor Woolgar b. 12 Nov 1815
Hosea Woolgar b. 5 Apr 1817

Citations

  1. [S25] Online Index to Burials, 1538 onwards, compiled by Sussex Family History Group, http://www.sfhg.org.uk/, ongoing project,.
  2. [S23] Online Index to Baptisms, 1538 onwards, compiled by Sussex Family History Group, http://www.sfhg.org.uk/, ongoing project,.
  3. [S688] Removal Order for Lucy Smart, from South Heighton to Eastbourne, 18 Apr 1806. (ESRO:QO/37/1806-04-18) Microfilm Ref: XA/55/9.
  4. [S24] Index to Marriages, 1538-1837, Compact Disc SFHGCD003, compiled by Sussex Family History Group, 2008.
  5. [S190] Michael Burchall, "Sussex Poor 1801 to 1850", Parish Register Transcription Society, unknown edition (2011).
  6. [S182] Will of Thomas Woolgar of Heighton, Sussex, England, made 30 Jan 1816, proved in the Archdeaconry court of Lewes, 28 Mar 1820. (ESRO: PBT 1/1/73/636).
  7. [S183] Website "WOOLGAR One-Name Study" (http://www.woolgar.org/).

Frances Smart

b. 20 December 1830

Parents:

Father: Charles Smart b. 16 Oct 1803, d. 9 Apr 1886
Mother: Hannah Hudson b. 14 Oct 1798, d. 18 May 1864
Last Edited: 3 Jan 2014

Harriet Smart

b. 6 September 1835

Parents:

Father: Charles Smart b. 16 Oct 1803, d. 9 Apr 1886
Mother: Hannah Hudson b. 14 Oct 1798, d. 18 May 1864
Last Edited: 3 Jan 2014

Daniel Smart

b. 9 July 1840, d. 1924

Parents:

Father: Charles Smart b. 16 Oct 1803, d. 9 Apr 1886
Mother: Hannah Hudson b. 14 Oct 1798, d. 18 May 1864
Last Edited: 6 Feb 2012

Family:

Charlotte Ann Eldridge b. 1847, d. 1887

Children:

Citations

  1. [S216] Birth certificate of Daniel Smart, born 9 Jul 1840, registered 17 Aug 1840 in the Registration District of Lewes, Sussex, England (GRO Index Ref: Vol 7 Page 349).
  2. [S16] 1851 Census for England "HO107 piece 1635 folio 69 page 15."
  3. [S143] General Register Office: Indexes to Marriages, Sep 1837 - 2006, "Oct-Dec 1867, Eastbourne, Vol 2b Page 127."
  4. [S69] 1871 Census for England, "RG10 piece 1027 folio 49 page 3."
  5. [S70] 1881 Census for England, "RG11 piece 1021 folio 99 page 8."
  6. [S71] 1891 Census for England "RG12 piece 768 folio 38 page 4."
  7. [S72] 1901 Census for England "RG13 piece 877 folio 44 page 18."
  8. [S73] 1911 Census for England "RG14PN4780 RG78PN205 RD70 SD1 ED10 SN143."
  9. [S141] General Register Office: Indexes to Deaths, Sep 1837 - 2006, "Jan-Mar 1924, Battle, Vol 2b Page 94."

William Smart

b. 6 July 1800, d. 1870

Parents:

Father: Thomas Woolgar b. 25 May 1753, d. 1819
Mother: Lucy Young b. 25 Jun 1775, d. 1827
Last Edited: 3 Jan 2014

Family:

Sarah (?) b. c 1792, d. 1870

Children:

Elizabeth Woolgar b. 10 Feb 1832
Mary Woolgar4 b. c 1833
Jemima Woolgar b. c 1835

Citations

  1. [S23] Online Index to Baptisms, 1538 onwards, compiled by Sussex Family History Group, http://www.sfhg.org.uk/, ongoing project,.
  2. [S181] Website "WOOLGAR One Name Study - Guild of One-Name Studies" (http://www.one-name.org/profiles/woolgar.html).
  3. [S24] Index to Marriages, 1538-1837, Compact Disc SFHGCD003, compiled by Sussex Family History Group, 2008.
  4. [S67] 1841 Census for England "HO107 piece 1107 folio 1/10 page 12."
  5. [S16] 1851 Census for England "HO107 piece 1635 folio 415 page 41."
  6. [S68] 1861 Census for England, "RG09 piece 560 folio 80 page 23."
  7. [S141] General Register Office: Indexes to Deaths, Sep 1837 - 2006, "Jan-Mar 1870, Eastbourne, Vol 2b Page 52, age 68 years."
  8. [S141] General Register Office: Indexes to Deaths, Sep 1837 - 2006, "Jul-Sep 1870, Hastings, Vol 2b Page 17, age 78 years."

Jane Smart

b. 18 April 1802

Parents:

Father: Thomas Woolgar b. 25 May 1753, d. 1819
Mother: Lucy Young b. 25 Jun 1775, d. 1827
Last Edited: 3 Jan 2014

Citations

  1. [S23] Online Index to Baptisms, 1538 onwards, compiled by Sussex Family History Group, http://www.sfhg.org.uk/, ongoing project,.

Susan Smart

b. 3 March 1805

Parents:

Father: Thomas Woolgar b. 25 May 1753, d. 1819
Mother: Lucy Young b. 25 Jun 1775, d. 1827
Last Edited: 3 Jan 2014

Sophia Smart

b. 22 May 1808

Parents:

Father: Thomas Woolgar b. 25 May 1753, d. 1819
Mother: Lucy Young b. 25 Jun 1775, d. 1827
Last Edited: 3 Jan 2014